News ID: 201139
Published: 0414 GMT September 24, 2017

Child mortality rate in India lags world

Child mortality rate in India lags world

By Sanjukta Nair*

This nugget is from The Stories Behind The Data 2017, a new report on global progress released by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation about global effort to fight poverty and disease.

The report tracked 18 data points that were included in the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). We compared India’s performance with the global average on certain health indicators, wrote.

By 2013, India’s maternal mortality ratio was lower than the global average. From 254 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2004-06, the ratio fell to 167 in 2013; the global average in 2016 remains higher at 179. The percentage of institutional deliveries in India rose from 39 percent in 2005-06 to 79 percent in 2015-16, according to NFHS data.

In 1990, the global maternal mortality ratio was 275 deaths per 100,000 live births. For a few years, the ratio remained the same till it declined to 179 in 2016. The fall has been attributed to the increasing number of women giving birth in health facilities, where they have access to skilled obstetric care, instead of at home, according to the report.

At the current rate, the global Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) is projected to reach 138 in 2030, the report projected. The SDGs set a target of less than 70 deaths per 100,000 live births by 2030. India’s National Health Plan 2017 targets a rate of 100 by 2020.

In 1990, India’s neonatal mortality rate — infant deaths within 28 days of birth per 1,000 births — was 52, while the global average was 32.

India’s rate reduced nearly 50 percent to 28 in 2013, but is still higher than the global average (17 in 2016). The report projected that the global neonatal mortality rate will fall to 11 in 2030, or by another 50 percent to nine if efforts improve.

Poor health infrastructure, poor availability of human resources, anemic Indian adolescents and excess physical activity in poor women are some of the reasons for the slow decline in neonatal mortalities, IndiaSpend reported in June 2017. India’s National Health Plan 2017 targets a rate of 16 by 2025.


*Sanjukta Nair is a graduate in economics and statistics from Mumbai University and is an intern with IndiaSpend.

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