Future Moon explorers will be bombarded with two to three times more radiation than astronauts aboard the International Space Station, a health hazard that will require thick-walled shelters for protection, scientists said.
Despite climate change being most obvious to people as unseasonably warm winter days or melting glaciers, as much as 95 percent of the extra heat trapped on Earth by greenhouse gases is held in the world's oceans.
Rules which stipulate a single specific physical distance (one or two meters) between individuals to reduce the spread of COVID-19 are based on outdated science and experiences of past viruses, argue researchers in The BMJ today.
Founded in 2008 and given European Research Infrastructure Consortium status by the EU Commission in 2015, the Integrated Carbon Observation Systems (ICOS) is a network of 130 carbon-measuring stations (along with expertise centers and laboratories) set up to measure greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, as well as how carbon fluxes between the atmosphere, Earth and oceans.
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in his message on World Oceans Day, June 8, 2020, urged governments and all stakeholders to commit to the conservation and sustainability of the oceans through innovation and science.
Science has a reputation for moving slowly. The very process of publishing solid scientific data — let alone developing vaccines and therapies — requires a long timeline. But outbreaks of infectious diseases spread quickly, demanding a much quicker pace.
Fewer than 30 percent of the world’s scientific researchers are women: That’s just one of the statistics showing how many challenges remain for women and girls in the scientific field, as the world marked the International Day of Women and Girls in Science on Tuesday.