Mulla Sadra House in Qom Province is a historical building, where Sadr-ol-Din Mohammad Shirazi, given the title of Sadr-ol-Mote’allehin, and known as Mulla Sadra, lived.
Born in Shiraz to a notable family of court officials in 1571 or 1572, Mulla Sadra moved first to Qazvin in 1591, and then to Isfahan in 1597, to pursue a traditional and institutional education in philosophy, theology, hadith, and hermeneutics. Each city was a successive capital of the Safavid Dynasty. He eventually decided to move to Kahak near the city of Qom, surfiran.com wrote.
A keen thinker who wrote works in philosophy, theology, mysticism, and scriptural exegesis, he attempted a wide-ranging synthesis of approaches to Islamic thought and argued for the necessity of the method of understanding reality through a mixture of logical reasoning, spiritual inspiration, and a deep meditation upon the key scriptural sources of the Shia tradition.
He trained a number of significant philosophers in Qom, the most important of whom were Mohsen Fayz Kashani (1598-1680 CE).
The plan of Mulla Sadra House is in the form of a cross. The four takhtgahs (main halls) surrounding the structure have rooms built in two stories. There are eight rooms, only two of which are remaining. Over the dome of this house stained glasses have been implanted to pass the sunlight into the rooms, creating a spectacular view.
The materials used in Mulla Sadra House are raw cob brick and mortar. The bricks are 20 by 20 centimeters. The walls have been covered with a layer of black clay and decorations in the form of stucco can be seen. In the eastern side of the house, a rich qanat exists that supplied water for the trees in the garden.
Today, Mulla Sadra House is located in the farthest part east of Kahak village in Chall Hamam alley. Registered on Iran’s National Heritage List, the monument was restored in 2008. The house is positioned in a rural region in southern Qom.
Kahak is a land of mountains, gardens and water springs; it has moderate weather and fertile fields.
Today, Kahak is thirty kilometers from Qom and is the second biggest city of this province.