News ID: 150491
Published: 1052 GMT April 30, 2016

Museum of Persian Gulf Maps opens in Hormuz Island

Museum of Persian Gulf Maps opens in Hormuz Island

Museum of Persian Gulf Maps was inaugurated in Hormuz Island in a ceremony attended by Culture and Islamic Guidance Minister Ali Jannati concurrent with National Persian Gulf Day.


Addressing the inaugural ceremony, Jannati said that the museum would display credited historic maps of the Persian Gulf, reported IRNA .

Historic maps ― drawn by Europeans from 500 years ago up to now ― are on show in the museum, he said, noting that the major international waterway has been named as Persian Gulf by all the maps.

The minister also said that Persian Gulf is a section of Iran's civilizational identity and the historic maps reveal a great emperor with Persian Gulf as its part.

Some 32 historic maps, featuring Persian Gulf from different eras, are currently on public display in the museum.

Persian Gulf is a crescent-shape groove which has demonstrated the encroachment of the Indian Ocean waters (Makran Sea, also known as Gulf of Oman) in an span of 900 km long and 240 km wide in the inferior folds of southern Zagros mountains. The Persian Gulf and its neighboring countries constitute almost one ninth of the 44 million square km span of the Asian continent. The Persian Gulf has been a valuable waterway since the beginning of history and as the venue of the collision of great civilizations of the ancient east, it has a background of several millenniums.

Since centuries ago, the Ilamites used Bushehr Port and the Kharg Island for dwelling, shipping and ruling over the coasts of the Persian Gulf as well as transaction with the West Indies and the Nile Valley. In the Latin American geography books, the Persian Gulf has been referred to as More Persicum or the Sea of Pars.

The Latin term 'Sinus Persicus' is equivalent to 'Persischer Golf' in German, 'Golf Persique', in French, 'Golfo Persico' in Italian, that all mean 'Persian Gulf'.

Prior to the stationing of the Aryan Iranians on Iran's Plateau, the Assyrians named the sea in their inscriptions as the 'bitter sea' and this is the oldest name that was used for the Persian Gulf.

An inscription of Darius found in the Suez Canal, used a phrase with a mention of river Pars which points to the same Persian Gulf.

There are undeniable legal evidences and documents in confirmation of the genuineness of the term Persian Gulf. From 1507 CE to 1560 CE in all the agreements that Portuguese, Spanish, British, Dutch, French and Germans concluded with the Iranian government or in any other political event everywhere there is a mention of the name Persian Gulf. 

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