0521 GMT October 04, 2022
Researchers at Rockefeller University sequenced DNA from water samples collected daily in New York's East and Hudson Rivers, UPI wrote.
Their analysis — detailed in the journal PLOS ONE — revealed the presence and absence of a variety of local fish species as they traversed the river.
The presence and absence of specific species corresponded with migration patterns established by previous net surveys.
Rockefeller researcher Mark Stoeckle said, "For the first time, we've successfully recorded a spring fish migration simply by conducting DNA tests on water samples."
Researchers identified the genetic signatures of 42 fish species among the sampled DNA.
The amount of genetic material corresponded to the expected abundance of local species. Only a few surprise species were identified.
He said, "We didn't find anything shocking about the fish migration — the seasonal movements and the species we found are known already.
That means the technique is accurate. Because the method is cheap and easy, researchers believe it has great potential.
However, scientists said more testing and comparisons with previous surveys are necessary.
Jesse Ausubel, director of Rockefeller's Program for the Human Environment, said, "If future research confirms that an index of species' abundance can be derived from naked DNA extracted from water, it could easily improve the rationality with which fish quotas are set, and the quality and reliability of their monitoring around the world."