News ID: 252208
Published: 1025 GMT May 01, 2019

ET: India, Iran may hold next round of negotiations for PTA this month

ET: India, Iran may hold next round of negotiations for PTA this month

Senior officials of India and Iran are likely to hold the fifth round of negotiations for a bilateral preferential trade agreement (PTA) this month, an Indian official said, according to The Economic Times.

Till now, four rounds of negotiations have been completed and the last one was held in March in Tehran where both countries discussed draft text of the pact, ET reported.

"Both sides have tentatively agreed to hold the fifth round of talks here this month," the official added.

Unlike in a free trade pact, where two trading partners significantly reduce or eliminate duties on maximum number of goods traded between them, PTA involves removal of duties on certain identified products.

According to trade experts, the proposed agreement will give India a greater market access in the Persian Gulf nation.

"The PTA may not help India in bypassing trade sanctions being imposed by the US on Iran, but in the long run, Iran is an important market for Indian exporters," Biswajit Dhar, a professor of economics at Jawaharlal Nehru University, said.

Trade Promotion Council of India (TPCI) Chairman Mohit Singla said the PTA is important as India will be able to diversify its export basket which is now limited to agricultural products.

"With a carefully designed PTA, strategic products such as leather, textiles and readymade garments, which attract very high duties in Iran can become naturally competitive and India will be able to leverage its export strengths," he said.

Federation of Indian Export Organizations (FIEO) said Iran holds huge export opportunities in sectors such as agriculture, chemicals, machinery, pharmaceuticals, paper and paper products, manmade fiber and filament yarn and essential oils.

"The PTA will help India in its long run to increase exports," FIEO Director General Ajay Sahai said.

Iran's major exports to India are oil, fertilizers and chemicals while imports include cereals, tea, coffee, spices and organic chemicals.

India's exports to the Persian Gulf nation in 2017-18 were worth $2.65 billion, while imports were valued at $11.11 billion. The trade imbalance is mainly because of India's import of oil from Iran.

India, the world's third-biggest oil consumer, meets more than 80 percent of its oil needs through imports. In 2017-18, Iran was its third-largest supplier after Iraq and Saudi Arabia and meets about 10 percent of the total needs.




Resource: ET
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