0913 GMT January 21, 2022
Francis addressed President Filipe Nyusi of the ruling Frelimo party and leaders of the Renamo opposition at the colonial-style presidential palace, where peacocks roamed lush gardens in contrast to bustling streets outside, Reuters.com reported.
The two sides in the former Portuguese colony fought a 15-year civil war that ended in 1992 and killed about a million people. But only last month did they sign a permanent ceasefire.
Some fear that as the country of 28 million people approaches new elections scheduled for next month, violence could break out, particularly in rural areas where the former rebels have more sway.
Ossufo Momade, leader of Renamo, was in the audience for the papal address and received a round of applause when the president mentioned him.
In his address to the pope, the president vowed to help build a nation “where non-violence becomes a culture lived by all, where politics is practiced through the force of argument and not the force of arms.”
But Francis said if they wanted lasing peace, leaders had to discourage any form of fanaticism and exaltation and strive to improve conditions and opportunities for the marginalized.
According to the UN World Food Programme (WFP), 80% of Mozambique’s population cannot afford the minimum costs for an adequate diet
“It’s definitely a good day for peace and reconciliation,” said Myrta Kaulard, the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Mozambique. “For good elections you need peace. For development you need peace.”
Kaulard, who attended the meeting, said Francis’ message would give a “positive boost,” but so would his mere presence, noting the last time Mozambique was in the spotlight was for cyclones that killed more than a thousand people in March.
Francis also touched on environmental problems, another big theme of the trip that will take him on to Madagascar and Mauritius.
He said Mozambicans should be vigilant against pillaging and unethical exploitation of natural resources “driven by a greed generally not cultivated even by the inhabitants of these lands, nor motivated by the common good of your people”.
According to the World Bank, Mozambique has lost 8 million hectares of forest, about the size of Portugal, since the 1970s.
As Asian supplies of valuable hardwoods like rosewood used to make luxury furniture have been depleted, Chinese importers have shifted to Africa. Mozambique is currently the 10th largest supplier of rosewood to China, according to Chinese customs data cited by US-based non-profit group Forest Trends.