"We strongly condemn recent US sanctions against Turkey and stand with its people and government," Mohammad Javad Zarif tweeted, using the hashtag "#NeighborsFirst", AFP reported.
On Monday, Washington banned all US export licenses and loan credits for Ankara's military procurement agency, and said it would not allow its president to travel or hold assets in the United States.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the sanctions would send "a clear signal" that the US "will not tolerate significant transactions with Russia's defense and intelligence sectors."
But Zarif said the move against Ankara showed how quickly Washington resorted to sanctions.
"US addiction to sanctions and contempt for international law at full display again," he said.
Turkey took delivery of the S-400 air defense system from Russia last year despite US warnings it was incompatible with its membership of the NATO alliance.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said imposing sanctions would be "disrespectful" and Turkey pressed on with testing the new system.
The Turkish Foreign Ministry called the decision “inexplicable” given that Ankara has repeatedly proposed forming a joint working group with Washington to allay the latter’s concerns that S-400 missile systems threatened NATO defenses, but its offers have not been fully utilized, Press TV reported
“We call on the United States to revise the unjust sanctions (and) to turn back from this grave mistake as soon as possible,” it in a statement said.
“Turkey is ready to tackle the issue through dialogue and diplomacy in a manner worthy of the spirit of alliance,” the statement added.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said the US sanctions on Turkey were illegitimate and showed Washington’s arrogance toward international law.