In a phone call with Syrian Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad, the top Iranian diplomat stressed the importance of making efforts to realize a solution that preserves the interests of the Syrian nation, according to Press TV.
Mekdad expressed appreciation for Iran’s support, particularly in the economic arena, to mitigate the impacts of unilateral coercive economic sanctions.
The Iranian and Syrian foreign ministers also discussed ways to boost mutual relations in all fields.
Zarif and Mekdad also exchanged views on the outcome of recent meetings held within the framework of the Astana peace format in the Russian resort city of Sochi and also consultations among various parties to overcome obstacles placed by some countries in the way of restoring stability to Syria.
Since January 2017, Iran, Turkey and Russia, the states that have been serving as the guarantors of an all-Syria cease-fire, have been mediating peace negotiations between representatives of the Syrian government and opposition groups in a series of talks held in the Kazakh capital Astana (now named Nur-Sultan) and other places, including Sochi.
The talks are collectively referred to as the Astana peace process.
Zarif and Mekdad also discussed the activities of Syria’s Constitutional Committee and the results of its latest meeting in Geneva, Switzerland in January.
On the sidelines of the regular meeting of the Constitutional Committee in Geneva in January, Iran, Russia, and Turkey held a trilateral meeting, at the end of which they issued a joint statement, reaffirming their readiness to support the committee’s work through continued interaction with the Syrian delegates and UN Special Envoy for Syria Geir Pedersen, as the facilitator, to ensure sustainable functioning of the committee.
Syria began to become grappled by foreign-backed violence in 2011. Matters worsened significantly after the terrorist group Daesh took on the country and neighboring Iraq three years later.