Iran said Tuesday the temporary bilateral technical understanding reached with the UN nuclear watchdog shows “goodwill” on the part of the Islamic Republic and gives diplomacy a chance to resolve the nuclear issue.
Ali Rabiei, the Iranian government’s spokesman, made the remarks at a virtual media briefing in Tehran, a week after the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) struck the deal, under which Tehran stopped its voluntary implementation of the Additional Protocol to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and denied IAEA inspectors access to its nuclear facilities beyond the treaty’s Safeguards Agreement for three months.
During this period, Iran withholds recordings from monitoring equipment that the IAEA installed at its nuclear sites. If the US sanctions are lifted completely, Tehran will provide the information to the IAEA, otherwise it will be deleted forever, Press TV wrote.
“We implemented the legislation passed by the Parliament in a way that it assures the international community, while respecting the law that our nuclear program will continue to be under legitimate international supervision and on a peaceful path. This agreement carried a clear message of our goodwill when it comes to giving diplomacy a chance,” Rabiei said.
He was referring to the Strategic Action Plan to Counter Sanctions, a law passed last December by the Iranian Parliament. It set February 23 as a deadline for the government to further scale back compliance with the 2015 nuclear accord, officially called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), if the US does not lift its anti-Iran sanctions by February 21.
Tehran went ahead with the new commitment reductions after the deadline for the sanctions removal was missed.
“We expect all JCPOA parties to take a reciprocal step to prove their goodwill after receiving this (Iran’s) message [of goodwill],” Rabiei added. “Any action contrary to our expectations will have harmful effects on the diplomatic process and can swiftly close the window of opportunity."
The halt in the implementation of the Additional Protocol adds to Iran’s previous steps away from the JCPOA in response to the US’s 2018 withdrawal — under the administration of former president Donald Trump — and the other parties’ failure to fulfill their commitments.
The new US administration has indicated its willingness to rejoin the JCPOA, but conditioned the move on Tehran’s resumption of the commitments it has suspended under the JCPOA.
However, Tehran says it will retrace its nuclear countermeasures only after the US lifts its sanctions in a verifiable manner.
Recent reports said Iran rejected a European Union offer to hold direct nuclear talks with the US. The Islamic Republic says there is no need for talks on Washington’s return, and that America only needs to lift the sanctions for gaining the right to rejoin the deal.
Rabiei complained that the US administration has refused to take even the slightest step that would be reflective of efforts to build trust.
“The Trump regime was deceived by those who saw the JCPOA, from the very first day of its signing, as a blow to their evil dreams for the Iranian people. He chose the evil path, which ultimately resulted in the isolation of the United States within the institutions and organizations that it had once founded,” he said.
“Today, according to the statements of the new US administration’s officials and the world’s observers, the policy of maximum pressure has failed and there is no option for the United States but to return to the JCPOA. We have kept our promise over the past years, and now it is up to the United States to act on its slogan of returning to the world by setting aside the most inhumane sanctions that the world can remember,” the official added.
Rabiei also expressed Iran’s readiness “to hear any fair and honest proposal to resolve the dispute, but more than that, we are waiting to see practical measures that can gradually rebuild the lost trust.”
Britain, France and Germany, the three European members of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, will put forward the resolution during this week's meeting of the IAEA's Board of Governors, according to diplomatic sources, AFP reported.
A document circulated by the Iranian mission in Vienna and reportedly seen by AFP said such a resolution would effectively end the temporary agreement that IAEA chief Rafael Grossi worked out with Tehran to mitigate what he calls the "huge loss" of some inspections.
Diplomatic sources in Vienna say the European resolution is expected to face a vote on Friday, and it is backed by the United States.
Speaking to reporters ahead of the Board of Governors’ meeting on Monday, Grossi said the issue of nuclear inspections in Iran should not be used as a “bargaining chip” in any talks on the JCPOA.
Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Seyyed Abbas Araqchi deplored as “unconstructive” attempts to have the Board of Governors pass a resolution against Iran, saying it would shrink the room for diplomacy.
In comments at the fourth round of political consultations between Iran and Austria, held via videoconference on Monday, Araqchi slammed Europe’s failure to honor commitments under the JCPOA, Tasnim reported.
He also warned that any attempt to pass a resolution against Iran would threaten the atmosphere for diplomacy.
Araqchi made it clear that Iran will fully honor the JCPOA commitments only after the full termination of sanctions imposed on the country.
A senior Russian diplomat said on Tuesday Moscow is actively working to defuse tensions over Iran’s nuclear program.
“The main intrigue of the current session of the IAEA Board of Governors is whether the upcoming discussions will help defuse the situation around the Iranian nuclear program, or will aggravate the situation even more,” Mikhail Ulyanov, the Russian ambassador to international organizations in Vienna, tweeted.
The Russian diplomat said his country is “actively working in favor of the 1st scenario.”
Russia warned on Monday that a resolution critical of Iran could hurt efforts to revive the JCPOA.
“Adoption of the resolution will not help the political process of returning to the normal comprehensive implementation of the JCPOA,” Russia said in a note addressed to other member states of the IAEA.
Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has said that the Islamic Republic has some options to take in case “reason does not prevail” on the other side.