News ID: 291513
Published: 1212 GMT March 12, 2021

Gilan Rural Heritage Museum showcases rural architecture, traditional culture

Gilan Rural Heritage Museum showcases rural architecture, traditional culture

Gilan Rural Heritage Museum, located in the western part of Rasht-Tehran road, is the only open air museum of Iran. It was established with the aim of preserving the traditional architecture and agriculture of Gilan in a 45-thousand-hectare area in Sarvan Forest Park.

The initial idea to create a Rural Heritage Museum goes back to 1991 when a 7.4 magnitude earthquake devastated Roudbar. After years of studies, the project to move nine villages from across the province in their entirety to Sarvan Forest Park and reassembling them there finally kicked off in 2006, reported.

Gilan Rural Heritage Museum now showcases the region’s rural architecture and way of life as well as the traditional culture, tools, food and clothing of the province.

So far seven villages have been moved to the museum and it now consists of 80 reassembled structures that average 150 years in age. About 35 of these structures have been registered on Iran’s National Heritage List. 

Each village consists of rice barns, talambar (structures where silkworms are cultivated), animal barns, herb gardens, tea fields, and mulberry and bitter orange groves in addition to residential units. In order for visitors to truly experience rural life in Gilan, livestock is also kept at the museum.

The museum has restaurants, traditional teahouses, markets, handicrafts workshops, an area for performing traditional plays, playground for kids and gardens for cultivating medicinal plants and indigenous trees.

Museum guides are all dressed in traditional Gilan costumes and tell visitors about the traditional lifestyle in Gilan. The museum regularly hosts exhibitions of handicrafts, photos, paintings, traditional costumes, food and architectural achievements and has stalls where visitors can buy souvenirs.

Gilan Rural Heritage Museum holds periodic festivals in order to preserve the traditional rituals, music, games and plays of the region for future generations.

Gilan Rural Heritage also has an anthropology and architecture research center which has published the results of its studies in the form of academic.


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