0445 GMT July 24, 2021
The square is surrounded by structures of different purposes and architecture, and together with the main bazaar of Isfahan they comprise the huge complex to explore. Four remarkable architectural monuments are located around the square. Imam Mosque in the south, Sheikh Lotfallah Mosque in the east, Ali Qapu Palace in the west and Qeysarie Gate in the north of the square are the architectural masterpieces which were built at the same time.
The square was built by Shah Abbas I, the fifth Safavid king of Iran at the beginning of the 17th century, and bordered on all sides by the four monumental buildings linked by a series of two-story arcades. They are an impressive testimony to the level of social and cultural life in Persia during the Safavid era, whc.unesco.org wrote.
In 1598, the king decided to move the capital of the Persian Empire from Qazvin to Isfahan as a more secure and convenient place. To commemorate the new role of Isfahan and also to create a place to hold national events, Naqsh-e Jahan Square was designed. Shaykh Bahai, the prominent scholar of Safavid era was the leading architect of the project. He was a philosopher, architect, mathematician, astronomer and poet.
With 560m length and 160m width, the square covers almost 89,600 square meters. All of the architectural elements that delineate the square, including its arcades of shops, are aesthetically remarkable, adorned with a profusion of enameled ceramic tiles and paintings.