1106 GMT June 23, 2021
A system was formed to take into account the opinion of the population by state bodies when establishing a dialogue with the people and making decisions on important socio-political issues. Ample opportunities are provided for the active participation of non-governmental non-profit organizations in social protection of the population, strengthening its health, solving environmental problems as soon as possible, harmonious education of the younger generation, increasing medical and legal knowledge of citizens and a number of other reforms.
After the issue of the practical assurance of citizens' participation in public administration was put on the agenda on the basis of the initiative put forward by the President “not the people should serve the state bodies, but the state bodies must serve the people”, the activity of non-governmental non-profit organizations and other civil society institutions in the implementation of democratic reforms began to increase significantly.
In turn, Virtual and People's Receptions of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan were created in order to ensure human rights and interests, dialogue with people. These structures have become a mechanism for in-depth analysis of the effectiveness of the activities of state power and management bodies, as well as local problems and a criterion for assessing their activities, increasing the responsibility of state bodies and officials to society.
Today, People's receptions in all regions, cities and districts of Uzbekistan have switched to an active system of identifying and solving problems by door-to-door rounds. People's receptions are empowered to systematically study the activities of state bodies, introduce submissions to state bodies for consideration, proposals to bring officials who have violated the law to disciplinary responsibility, up to and including dismissal.
In the past 2020 alone, the virtual reception of the President and People's receptions received about 1.2 million applications. As a result of the reports 752 senior officials who did not work with appeals at the required level were brought to justice.
In addition, a system was formed for organizing regular mass visiting receptions for the heads of the Presidential Administration, ministries and departments, khokims of regions, cities and districts in the regions. In the past 2020 alone, more than 19 thousand of such field receptions were held, at which measures were taken to solve more than 124 thousand problems of about 120 thousand representatives of the population.
It should also be noted that in the renewed Uzbekistan, the constitutional right of every person to freedom of thought, speech and belief, to search, receive and disseminate information that he wants is practically ensured, which, in turn, received the recognition of the international community. At the request of the President, transparency was ensured, in particular, an “open space” was created for the free expression of the critical opinion of the population on the desired topic. The head of state in person regularly monitors speeches on social networks, national and foreign media and other sources about the problems that society faces and that concern the public, sometimes reprimands responsible leaders who are indifferent to resolving these issues, sometimes applies disciplinary sanctions, even releases them from office and calls on civil society institutions to be uncompromising in these processes.
At the initiative of Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Public Councils were created under state bodies. These councils are called upon to exercise public control over the activities of a state body.
Thus, the institution of public control is the most important tool for building a strong and free civil society in the new Uzbekistan, which constitutes the core of the renewed policy.
In addition, the country pays priority attention to issues of further development of the institution of public control, improvement of the activities of non-governmental non-profit organizations.
Proceeding from this, based on the idea of the Head of State, NGO houses are being created in all regions of the country, which, one by one, are transferred to the disposal of independent institutions of civil society.
As a result of the measures taken, there is a gradual revival of the activities of civil society institutions in the country. Last year, in the context of a pandemic, on the initiative of NGOs, a huge amount of work was carried out in the fight against coronavirus, charity events, efforts to protect the health of citizens were extremely effective.
At the same time, projects and programs implemented by non-governmental non-profit organizations are yielding tangible results in healthcare, science, culture, education and other areas. In this process, civil society institutions enter the arena as an important factor in the protection of human rights, freedoms and legitimate interests, democratic values.
The adoption by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev in March of this year of an important document, the Concept for the Development of Civil Society in 2021–2025, was another big step towards the development of civil society.
According to the document, the Index of openness of the activities of non-governmental non-profit organizations has been introduced, which will form their rating.
Based on the results of the Openness Index, lists (ratings) are formed for “the top 20 most transparent non-governmental non-profit organizations” and “the top 20 most active non-governmental non-profit organizations”.
The positive work of non-governmental non-profit organizations included in these ratings will be popularized among the public.
Summing up, it should be especially noted that the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev promotes relevant life ideas and initiatives to establish a systemic and effective dialogue between the state, citizens and civil society institutions in a modern form, and is making effective efforts to ensure their practical implementation.
Executive Director of the “Development Strategy” Center.