1215 GMT June 15, 2021
Mashhad rugs are typically formal and most suitable for a traditional home setting and very consistent with the classical architecture. Mashhad rugs also can be a statement maker in your modern home's living room, dining room or family room where you have simple modern furniture. A Mashhad allover-design carpet without medallion would be more appropriate for a bedroom, rugman.com wrote.
History of Mashhad rugs
Mashhad hand-knotted rugs are among the most famous Persian and oriental rugs. They stand for formality as they represent class, wealth and style. Generally the three provinces of Khorasan Razavi, North Khorasan and South Khorasan are an area with ancient culture of weaving piled hand-knotted rugs and carpet. Mashhad the provincial capital of Khorasan Razavi is the most famous city for its fine rugs as such that most rugs woven throughout the entire provinces are often called Mashhad rugs.
Located in the northeast of Iran, Mashhad is an important center of the carpet weaving industry. It is also considered the most holy city of Iran. It is home to the shrine of Imam Reza (PBUH), the eighth Shia Imam, who is very dear to Muslims around the world. Mashhad carpets are usually bright and cleverly colored therefore literally giving life to any dull room. Their color schemes are usually tones of red or blue. Mashhad carpets are durable like other Persian Rugs.
Some other rug producing centers in this northeastern region of Iran are Kashmar, Mood, Sabzevar, Qaen, and Birjand.
Many Baluch type rugs are also woven in this region by Baluchi nomads inhabited in the southern areas. In 1722 there was an invasion from Afghanistan. This left the country in a state of political confusion for many years, and the rug industry in a state of disorientation, especially in well-established areas such as Mashhad. However, despite the mass invasion, Khorasan along with many other regions were able to get back on their feet and so the rug industry started up again as the royal courts of Iran did everything in their power to bring this great art back home.
Mashhad is also known for its large rugs. The sizes of rugs in this area are often larger than 8×10m and 9×12m. Mashhad rugs have been sitting in many palaces and reputable places for centuries. Some of the famous rooms in the Persian palaces of the Pahlavi Dynasty were decorated by Mashhad rugs.
Characteristics of Mashhad rugs
• Material and knots
A Mashhad rug uses cotton to form a base followed by a wool pile for a soft, cozy and durable texture. There are many grades of handmade rugs produced in Khorassan, ranging from medium to fine. All, however, are very sturdy and indestructible. The carpets woven inside of the cities, such as Kashmar, Mashhad, Mood, Sabzevar, and Birjand are usually high quality in comparison to those woven by the nomads in the area. Although it was originally the nomads who wove these rugs for their own use, the cities adapted the talent and perfected it into an art. Almost every color can be seen in various rugs of this type. Almost all of these rugs have a pile of all wool, and a foundation (warp and weft) of cotton. In extremely rare cases, silk may be seen in these rugs as part of the pile, foundation, or the entire carpet might be made of silk. That is very unlikely unless you are dealing with much older pieces from a couple of centuries ago. The wool, however, is very lustrous and soft and is exclusive to the people of Khorasan. This fine wool, along with beautiful designs and genius craftsmanship, combine to produce these exquisite carpets.
Sheep rearing industry is also common in this area. The entire area is known for the quality and softness of the wool. The weavers in the region also go out of their way in choosing the finest quality of material including the wool and the cotton that is normally used for the foundation of the rugs as weft and warp.
Mashhad rugs are normally made with Persian knots, although in the past, Mashhad rugs used both Persian and Turkish knot technique. There is hardly any geometric design in Mashhad rugs with the exception of rugs that are woven by tribes who speak Turkish. Mashhad rugs are normally having medium and high pile and they are thick and quite heavy and warm under your feet.
Mashhad rugs are very durable and appropriate for heavy traffic. Because of crowded patterns and dominant red and navy blue they are also stain resistant. They are suitable for rooms with heavy traffic and big families with children. If they are used in dining rooms in particular they wouldn’t show small stains from food and liquid drop easily. In the same way they are easy to clean and very practical.
Some of the famous names in Mashhad signature rugs are Saber Amoughlu, Kafi, and Makhmalbaf. Rugs woven by these master weavers and designers maintain a very high quality of standard for the weave and quality of the material they use.
The dominant colors in Mashhad rugs are red and navy blue. The colors like other formal rugs such as Kashan and Kerman rug is very vibrant in Mashhad carpets. Most typical Mashhad rugs have certain degree of resemblance to Kashan rugs both in term of use of colors and design. Relative to the quality of the rug Mashhad rugs are often among the most affordable hand knotted carpets.
• Design and pattern
Mashhad rug weavers are also very peculiar in choosing designs and motifs that are local. They are very resistant about designs used by some other weavers that are coming from foreign sources. As a result Mashhad rugs throughout the centuries have kept its authenticity and local signature of their own.
A Mashhad rug typically has medallions and pendants woven throughout with ivory, red and blue as its commonly-used colors. Mashhad floral medallion or allover design is one of the most representing categories of Persian Carpets.