News ID: 313873
Published: 0951 GMT June 14, 2021

Sar Yazd Castle, the first bank in world

Sar Yazd Castle, the first bank in world

Sar Yazd Castle is considered the first bank in the world. The marvelous citadel, built from mud bricks dates back to the third century CE. It served as a place where the people of the city would keep their treasures and grains, inspirock.com wrote.

The castle is in the village of Saryazd, in the region of Mehriz region, in Iran’s central province of Yazd. This ancient bank was built during the Sassanist (3rd century) and became the first ancient bank in Iran and in the world.

About 30 miles outside of Yazd, Sar Yazd Castle rises like a giant sand castle from the desert.

The magnificent fortress was used to store grains and food, but also to safeguard valuables like gold and jewels when the city was under assault. The ancient bank is still in good condition and well worth the drive from Yazd, atlasobscura.com wrote.

The main exterior walls and towers are intact, surrounded by a moat, and the interior is filled with 450 chambers over three floors. You can explore the maze-like interior for hours, though it will take some agility and fitness!

The castle was built to make it difficult to enter and navigate. Small openings made it almost impossible for intruders to enter, and narrow passages allow only one person to pass at a time.

To be able to find all the hidden entrances and chambers, you really need a guide. But if you can make it to the top of the tallest tower, you will be rewarded with a stunning view of the surrounding desert and mountains, including Shirkuh, the highest peak in central Iran.

The three-floor castle with over 450 rooms was also built to be impregnable with nested concentric walls, high towers, and a 20-foot-wide moat. It was a mighty citadel in its day, and lives on as a stunning architectural and historical treasure that provides a peek into the customs and culture of 7th century Iran.

The complexity in inner spaces along with the tower and ramparts and simple and courtly geometrical shapes on them and the beautiful outer volume of the building are its unique features that have made Sar Yazd Castle as one of the most picturesque castles in the country.

The castle has nested concentric walls with impregnable high towers that is surrounded by a moat with a six meters width and depth of four meters with a wooden bridge over and the trench is considered the first defense layer of the castle.
The castle has two defensive rampart and fence. The outer fence with a height of six meters includes three circular towers and a square tower and the inner fence with nine meters height includes six circular towers. The inner space of this castle that dates back to the Sassanid Era was built in a specific order in two floors a three floors at times including residential sector, service sector.

The grand prize for the 2014 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Cultural Heritage went to Sar Yazd Castle, persiantourismguide.com wrote.

In June 2014, a panel of judges composed of international experts in conservation and restoration evaluated 46 projects from countries in the Asia-Pacific Region. Among the projects, Sar Yazd Citadel restoration project from Iran managed to receive the grand prize. The grand prize was awarded to the country due to the role of private institutions in preserving this historical location which has consequently influenced the socio-economic status of the locals in regard to creating job opportunities.

 

   
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