News ID: 314125
Published: 0805 GMT June 22, 2021

Sirjan, a historical city with numerous attractions in Kerman Province

Sirjan, a historical city with numerous attractions in Kerman Province
Stone Castle

Sirjan, a city in the southeastern province of Kerman, with the ancient name “Shirgan”, is one of the most important historical cities of Iran that has maintained its importance since many years before the advent of Islam.

This city with 960 kilometers distance from Tehran, the capital of Iran, and 180 kilometers distance from Kerman, the center of the province, has been recognized as a main economic centers of the country due to being located at the intersection of Iran’s transit axis for many years, reported.

Sirjan is the second most populated city in the province and neighbors Shahr-e Babak and Rafsanjan in the north, Bardsir and Baft in the east, Hajjiabad in the south and Neyriz in the west. Sirjan has cold winters and relatively mild summers and springs.

Sirjan consists of two parts naming ‘Pariz’ and ‘Markazi, four cities including ‘Pariz’, ’Zeyd Abad’,’Sirjan’,’Najaf Shahr’, and 10 rural districts.

This city is the second populated one in Kerman Province and it is one of the most important cities of the region. It is located in a specific geographical place at the junction of Yazd-Hormuzgan and Kerman–Fars roads.  Sirjan has several factories and mineral resources and numerous dug out aqueducts and fertile lands.

Two mountain ranges stretch from the Zagros Mountains to the east and west of the city, and the vast Sirjan plain, which covers an area of 18,481 square kilometers. Sirjan has a semi-arid climate with cold, dry winters and mild summers. The city is located at 55 degrees 32 minutes east longitude and 29 degrees 25 minutes north latitude.

Some scholars believe the history of the city dates back to the Achaemenids Era (550-330 BCE) or the Parthian Era (247 BCE–224 CE) when a king named Vologases was in power.

Others believe that the city was founded by the Sassanids (226-651 CE). It is said that due to the presence of several mines and qanats (underground water management system) in the area, the city was named Sirkan or Sirgan meaning mine-filled or qanat-filled.

Because of its ancient history, the city is a collection and museum of various historical periods. Sirjan has one of the most unique types of Iranian windbreakers called the “chopoqi” built in the early Pahlavi Era by modeling the chimneys of ships coming to Bandar Abbas.

Also the Stone Castle, Stone Pulpit, King Firouz Monument, Tomb of Mirzebir, Twin Ancient Clay Cooler, Saeedi Historical Mansion, Stone Garden, alongside a collection of caravans, houses, castles and ancient towers are just some of the historical and cultural attractions of Sirjan which can take you for hours to the magnificent art and architecture party of a historic city.

Sirjan is also one of the most important cities in Iran in the field of handicrafts production. Its worldwide registration as the origin of the shirikipich kilim is a testament to this claim.

Sirjan’s historical attractions include an ancient bazaar, Sirjan Icehouse built by philanthropists of Qajar (1785-1925) to provide ice for the inhabitants of the city and Chopoqi Wind Tower, dating back to Pahlavi Era (1925-1979) which is considered to be the most unique wind tower in the country.

Sirjan is also home to Baq-e Sangi or Stone Garden, an abstract work of art created by a deaf gardener named Darvish Khan Esfandiarpour nearly four decades ago to protest the loss of his beloved garden.

The Sirjan Salt Playa, God-e Ghool which is a no hunting zone and a bird watching hub, the picturesque Pariz Region with its many valleys, waterfalls, springs and orchards, Gera Valley with its wild almond and pistachio trees and Sarmashk Mountain are among some of the city’s top natural attractions.


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