0405 GMT December 09, 2021
Anyone who is interested in Persian poetry must have heard about the beautiful poems of Vahshi Bafqi, the famous Iranian poet of the 10th century AH (after hejira).
Kamal al-Din or Shams al-Din Muhammad, known as Vahshi Bafqi, is one of the most renowned Iranian poets who chose the title of Vahshi, which means wild.
His simple and fluent poems distinguish his style of poetry from those of his contemporary poets. He was born in 939 AH in the city of Bafq, the central province of Yazd. He spent most of his short life (52 years) in sorrow, hardship and misery, and his loneliness can be clearly seen in his beautiful and charming poems.
Bafqi has two collections of poetry: “Nazer and Manzur” and “Farhad and Shirin”. His lyric poems are full of failed love, hard life and difficulties that the isolated poet suffered during his life.
Many years after his death, no one even knew the exact location of his tomb, but recently his house and tomb were found and a plan has been drawn up to renovate and restore both in the near future.
Deputy Head of Yazd Province’s Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Ali Asghar Samadiani told Iran Daily that Vahshi Bafqi spent his youth in Yazd, adding that he moved to Kashan in the central province of Isfahan later in his life and then traveled to the port of Hormoz in southern Iran and from there to India.
“Finally, he returned to Yazd, where he lived until the end of his life,” he said.
He noted that a lot of research was carried out to find his tomb and house, pointing out that thanks to studies conducted on the historical poems and texts, his house was found to be located in Aruk Alley of the city of Yazd.
“The house was previously registered on Iran’s National Heritage List, as Bayat Historical House, under the name of its later owner.
“As other historical buildings in Yazd Province, the house is made of clay and mud, and has very beautiful architecture. The ancient house, which was rebuilt during the Safavid Era (1501-1736), has been a residence since the Timurid Period (1370–1507),” he noted.
The official observed that historical evidence shows that the ancient house, which has various decorations, a clay entrance and a room called hejleh khaneh, was part of a larger monument.
“The project to renovate the house was launched in the past Iranian year (which ended on March 20),” he said, adding that strengthening the walls, rebuilding the destroyed ceilings, and fixing the brick roof are among measures which are expected to be carried out in the framework of the project.
He said that the time to be spent working on this project depends on how much money would be allocated to it, but regarding the extent of the damage, the project requires at least two years to complete.
Samadiani noted that the renovated house will most likely be used as a cultural complex under the name of Vahshi Bafqi House.
Referring to the discovery of Bafqi’s burial place, Samadiani said that the residents of Yazd were informed about the approximate location of Vahshi Bafqi’s tomb, but its exact place was confirmed in the past Iranian year.
“Residents said that the burial place is located at the beginning of Aruk Alley in Imam Khomeini Street. During the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi, when this street was built, the gravestone was destroyed.
“Reza Sokhandan, the oldest mayor of Yazd, who is currently living in the United States, traveled to Yazd Province and uncovered the exact location of the grave in the last year,” he said.
Samadiani continued, “Since the burial place is located on the sidewalk of the alley, it is not possible to build a tomb and lay a tombstone there. Thus, the necessary administrative steps were taken to move the grave to the city of Bafq, or a park near the current burial place, named Vahshi Bafqi Park, in which a brick memorial monument was previously built.”
“Based on investigations conducted on the issue, the existence of his grave in the current location has been proven,” he said, adding that the necessary religious and legal permits have been received in order to relocate the grave.
“We are planning to do this in the presence of archaeologists as soon as possible,” he noted.
The official added that the establishment of a new tomb for the famous poet is important, both in terms of respect for the poet and for tourism.
“He composed rich and influential poems and literary texts, and people remember his poems well. On the other hand, Vahshi Bafqi has special personal characteristics; it will be very attractive for people to visit his residence and tomb,” he concluded.