News ID: 314783
Published: 0805 GMT July 14, 2021

Khalkhal, a main center of jajim production in Iran

Khalkhal, a main center of jajim production in Iran

Khalkhal, a city in in Ardabil Province, is considered one of the most important handicraft centers of Iran. The most prominent handicraft product of this region is weaving jajim.

Jajim is a beautiful handwoven product usually with strip, diamonds and colorful designs. In past, jajims were used as covers for korsi (a low table with heater underneath). In addition, they were used to wrap beddings. That is why they are also known as “jay-e jam’e” which means “bedding wraps” and gradually turned into jajim, reported.

Jajim wraps are made of colorful wools and occasionally colorful silks are used as wraps, too.

To weave a piece of jajim, two or three professional and skillful masters are needed. The first step is to stretch the wraps in an open space. Since spaces linger than fifteen meters are rarely found in village homes, the jajim loom are usually set up in public passages like alleys and squares. This step is called “deraz kardan e jajim” or stretching the jajim. When no one is working on the jajims, the looms and the tripod are stacked up and they easily stretched. Then, by using a wooden bar, a number of wraps are separated. That is when the weaving can be started.

A jajim has usually ten to fifteen meters long and has a width of fifteen to twenty-five centimeters. After one piece is finished, they are cut and sewed to another one to make a piece of jajim in the desired size. If yarns of jajim are produced from high quality material, then it will be easier for the weaver to do his part.

In Khalkhal, making jajims is considered a seasonal activity. The weavers take up making jajims only in winter when they are less busy with agriculture or animal husbandry.

Jajim products can be used in floor coverings, doormat, prayer rugs, beddings, and sofa covers. They are also used as complementary material for leather crafts.

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