News ID: 315098
Published: 0827 GMT July 30, 2021

Salt dome, yardangs rank among spectacular natural monuments in Bushehr Province

Salt dome, yardangs rank among spectacular natural monuments in Bushehr Province
Fairy chimneys and yardangs on the slopes of Mond Mountain in Bushehr Province, Iran

Iranica Desk

An official from the Bushehr Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts Department highlighted the southwestern province’s natural attractions, saying a salt dome and yardangs are among the most spectacular natural monuments in Bushehr, deserving global registration.

Soudabeh Ma’muri, who is in charge of registering the monuments of the province, told an Iran Daily reporter that the province’s Jashak Salt Dome in Dashti district ranks among the largest and most beautiful salt domes in the country as well as the region.

In 2010 the dome was registered on the National Heritage List, she added.

The salt dome covers a large area on the southern slopes of the Zagros Mountains in Bushehr.

She said that the white salt on the surface of the dome make it look like a beautiful snowy mountain at first glance.

“Entering the mountain area, you will encounter a wide valley covered with cauliflower-shaped mounds of salt, and that is why the area is also known as Cauliflower Plain”.

A salt river runs through the site; the springs, salt waterfalls, caves, and salt chandeliers have given the area a beautiful effect, said Ma’muri.

According to the official from the Bushehr Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts Department, 15 salt caves have so far been discovered in the province, with walls covered with salt chandeliers.

Cauliflower Plain


She said fairy chimneys and yardangs on the slopes of Mond Mountain in Dashti district are the other natural attractions of the province.

One of the most amazing geomorphic features, yardang is a sharp-crested, irregular ridge, carved by wind erosion from soft but coherent deposits as clay-like sand.

Fairy chimneys also have the conical-shaped body. Perhaps the natural structures can be considered to be the most beautiful eroding phenomenon. This phenomenon is seen as columns that have been named according to their shape.

According to Ma’muri, this Iranian year (which started on March 21), the natural chimneys and yardangs were added to the National Heritage List.

By the end of the last Iranian year, 314 immovable works were registered in Bushehr Province, she said, explaining that immovable works are monuments that cannot be moved, including hills, archeological sites and buildings.

Last year, the province’s heritage department passed the registration target set by the Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts – four monument registrations per year – and brought the province’s national registration of immovable heritage works to eight, said Ma’muri.

She continued that in the field of intangible works, 82 intangible works of the province have been nationally registered thus far, and last year, 12 intangible works were registered on the National Heritage List.

Tangible Cultural Heritage refers to physical artifacts produced, maintained and transmitted intergenerationally in a society. A part of cultural assets is tangible products such as buildings or works of art. Tangible works consist of movable cultural heritage such as paintings, sculptures, coins, manuscripts, as well as immovable cultural heritage such as monuments and archaeological sites. According to UNESCO, Intangible Cultural Heritage refers to practices, representations, expressions, knowledge and skills. Examples of intangible heritage are oral traditions, songs, music, performing arts, local knowledge, traditional skills, dance, drama, cooking, and various festivals.

The official said that eight moveable works of the province have been registered on the National Heritage List, including the inscription of Zohur (Advent) Church, the bells of Gregory Church, and the inscription of the inauguration ceremony of Sa’adat School.

Raeis Ali Delvari’s personal belongings, including his sword and camera, are also among the moveable heritage works. Raeis Ali was an Iranian independence fighter and anti-British colonialism activist (1882-1915).

Mentioning that 20 natural monuments have been nationally registered in the province so far, Ma’muri said, “Four old trees are among the registered natural monuments.”

Bushehr lies on a vast plain running along the Persian Gulf coastal region in southwestern Iran. The capital of the province, Bushehr is the chief port of the country, the main trade center of Iran.


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