0711 GMT January 24, 2022
The head of the Islamic City Council of Taft highlighted the registration of the historical garden city as the city of Persian Gardens on the National Heritage List during this Iranian year (which started on March 21), saying the garden city deserves global registration.
In an exclusive interview with Iran Daily, Mohammad Hossein Baharestan expressed hope that the joint efforts of the council and Taft Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts Department for the registration will bear fruit.
With an area of 2,000 hectares, Taft is located in the southwest of Yazd in central Iran. Gardens cover 70 percent of the city’s area. The city is situated at the foot of Shirkuh Mountain, the highest peak in central Iran. Surrounded by mountains, from high altitudes, the city with lush gardens looks like a fruit basket, the official said.
With 46 nationally registered historical monuments, the Sadri Garden (Namir), dating back to the Zand Era (1750–79) and the Qajar Era (1789-1925), and Ali Naqi Khan Garden are among the most historical gardens of Taft, Baharestan said.
A view of Ali Naqi Khan Garden, Taft, Yazd Province
The Sadri Garden enjoys special architecture and design, he said, adding that a large pond in front of the garden’s building, with 90 fountains, has given the garden a beautiful effect.
According to Baharestan, the historical complex of Shah Vali is one of the other attractions of Taft.
He added that the historical complex consists of a husseiniyeh [a congregation hall for Shia Muslim ceremonies], monastery, water storage, bath, and school.
Baharestan referred to the nakhlgardani ceremony that is held every year in mourning for Imam Ali and Imam Hussein (PBUT), the first and third Shia Imams, respectively, as a very spectacular show attracting many tourists and enthusiasts from all over the country. Nakhl (palm) is a wooden structure used as a symbolic representation of the Imams’ coffins and the ritual of nakhlgardani is the act of carrying the coffin from one place to another, resembling an Imam's funeral.
He also said that the city council has been successful in preserving these gardens so far.
The head of the Islamic City Council said the Taft Chahar-Bagh (Four-Garden) project, with an area of 37,000 square meters, is one of the largest projects being implemented by the Taft Municipality, having obtained governmental funding.
The architecture of the pavilion (central building of the Four Gardens) follows the architecture of four types of Iranian gardens, including the garden styles of Isfahan, Kerman, Shiraz, and Yazd, said Baharestan.
With an area of 1,350 square meters, the pavilion is four-sided, each side enjoying a view taken from the style of one of the mentioned cities, he said.
Eram Garden of Shiraz, Prince Garden of Kerman, Chehel-Sotun Garden of Isfahan, and Dolatabad Garden of Yazd have been used as models in the construction of this project, the official explained. The green space and the yard in front of each side are in the style of the same city.
According to Baharestan, the pavilion has two floors; the first floor is the handicrafts market and museum, and the second floor consists of restaurants and a traditional food court.
In general, he said, this building incorporates four types of architectural styles and the characteristics of the four Iranian gardens; this great tourism project is unique in Iran, and even in the world, and with its completion will attract tourists to Yazd Province and the city of Taft.