0408 GMT May 27, 2022
It has called on Iran and Pakistan to shoulder the burden of, among other things, accommodating Afghan refugees.
Six EU member states have warned the bloc's executive against halting deportations of rejected Afghan asylum seekers arriving in Europe despite major advances of Taliban militants in their country, according to Reuters.
The Taliban have made sweeping gains in their campaign to defeat the government as US-led foreign forces pull out.
"Stopping returns sends the wrong signal and is likely to motivate even more Afghan citizens to leave their home for the EU," Austria, Denmark, Belgium, the Netherlands, Greece and Germany said in an August 5 letter to the European Commission.
"This is why we urge you and your teams at the commission to intensify talks with the Afghan government on how returns to Afghanistan can and will continue in the coming months," they said in the letter.
Many EU member states are nervous that developments in Afghanistan could trigger a replay of Europe's 2015-16 migration crisis when the chaotic arrival of more than a million people from the Middle East stretched security and welfare systems and fueled support for far-right groups.
The European Commission said it had received the letter from the six countries and would reply when ready.
Asked if the commission considers Afghanistan a safe country to which asylum seekers can be returned, a spokesman said it is up to member states to make that judgement.
The issue is expected to come up at a crisis meeting of EU domestic affairs ministers on August 18, which was arranged mainly to discuss a surge of illegal border crossings from Belarus to EU member state Lithuania, Poland and Latvia.
Since 2015, around 570,000 Afghans have requested asylum in the EU, the letter from the six EU countries noted, 44,000 in 2020 alone, making Afghanistan the second most important country of origin last year.
"We fully recognize the sensitive situation in Afghanistan in light of the foreseen withdrawal of international troops," the countries said, adding that an estimated 4.6 million Afghans were already displaced, many of them in the region.
In a bid to duck their post-occupation responsibilities and to shift the burden of taking in the country’s refugees onto the neighboring states, such as Iran and Pakistan, the six countries urged the bloc to look into providing the best support for refugees by increasing cooperation with Kabul, Islamabad and Tehran.
Belgium's state secretary for asylum and migration, Sammy Mahdi, defended the initiative against criticism.
"That regions of a country are not safe does not mean that each national of that country automatically is entitled to protection," he said on Twitter.
A senior EU official said some 400,000 Afghans have been internally displaced over recent months and in recent days, there has been an increase in numbers of people fleeing to Iran.
He described the situation as less dramatic than recent crises in Syria and Iraq because Kabul still has a solid government that the EU can work with. Nevertheless, forced returns of asylum seekers would be difficult now.
"Given the context, it is hard to imagine that we would conduct forced return operations for the moment," he said.
On Wednesday, the Taliban militant group captured another provincial capital in the northern part of the war-ravaged country, taking the number of cities they have seized since Friday to nine in the latest setback for the Afghan government, Press TV reported.
The latest city to fall was Faizabad, the capital of the northeastern province of Badakhshan, which the Taliban militants took control.
Violence has been surging across Afghanistan amid the withdrawal of US-led foreign forces from the country. The 2001 invasion of Afghanistan ousted the Taliban from power, but it worsened the security situation in the country.
US President Joe Biden has urged Afghanistan’s leaders to fight for their homeland.
He asserted that he does not regret his decision to withdraw forces after the US longest war ended in defeat there.