News ID: 315802
Published: 0920 GMT August 28, 2021
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Meet beauty of traditional textiles and silk fabrics of Yazd

Meet beauty of traditional textiles and silk fabrics of Yazd
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Daraei textile, Yazd Province, Iran

Iranica Desk

Yazd, the capital of the central Iranian province of Yazd, is the city of traditional textiles and silk fabrics, said deputy head of the province’s Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization for handicraft affairs.

In an exclusive interview with Iran Daily, Mohammad Reza Dehqani Mehrjerdi said that daraei is one of the most popular handmade fabrics produced in Yazd for 800 years.

He referred to daraei as a high quality silk fabric, whose dyeing method is unique to the city of Yazd.

“As one of the old handicrafts of Yazd, daraei-bafi is still unknown in the country; thus, greater effort should be made to introduce it,” he said.

Mehrjerdi noted that, in the past, daraei was mostly used to make bedcovers and shamads (light fabric used as a sheet in hot summer nights), but presently various products including scarves, tablecloths, bedspreads, bags and shoes are being produced with it.

 

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Daraei textile, Yazd Province, Iran

 

“In the not-so-distant past, traditional homemade textiles were produced in a large number of homes in Yazd. As a result, the experience and knowledge of the occupation were transferred easily from one generation to another,” he said.

The official observed, however, that due to changes that have taken place in the lifestyle of young people, the sound of textile weaving machines is less heard from Yazdi homes.

“However, traditional fabrics produced in the region through daraei-bafi, zari-bafi (brocade-weaving), kar-bafi (weaving a kind of traditional textile) and handwoven textiles made in the form of sajadeh (prayer rug), ‌ scarves, bags, shoes and manteaux show the talent and creativity of local craftspeople,” he said.

 

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Kar-bafi textiles

 

He stated that given the policies adopted by the province’s Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization, special attention has been paid to traditional textiles and a large number of home workshops have been established throughout the province during the past years. The measure helped generate numerous jobs in the region, especially for women.

Mehrjerdi continued that Yazd Province has been one of the oldest centers of creativity and innovation in the country.

He noted that the valuable historical monuments of Yazd including Jaame Mosque, Amir Chakhmaq Complex and Dowlatabad Garden as well as its wind-catchers, unique architecture of buildings and traditional handicrafts encourage many tourists to visit the city.

He said that crafting traditional gold jewelry has helped create a large number of jobs in the province as well, pointing out that copper engraving, a branch of handicrafts unique to Yazd Province, has received the UNESCO Seal of Excellence.

He stressed that handicrafts production is not limited to the city of Yazd. Various valuable craft items are manufactured in other urban and rural areas of the province.

“Meybod, located 55 kilometers from the city of Yazd, is one of the most important centers of ceramic production in the country.  Its earthenware products, with a famous design called khorshid khanom (the Sun lady), is well-known across Iran,” he said.

He noted that a handicrafts township, named Naqsh-e Khorshid, has been established in Meybod. The measure can help create job opportunities in the city and pave the way for local craftspeople to improve their business.

He added that zilu (a kind of light hand-woven rug) workshops in Meybod have seen a boom over the past years.

The official concluded that the old workshops of kar-bafi located in Ardakan, Meybod, Ashkezar and Yazd have been revived in recent years, while many people, especially women and youths, have gotten involved in the craft.

 

   
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