0547 GMT October 17, 2021
The historical Kasma Bath in Someh Sara, Gilan Province, will be turned into a museum of culture and art, announced the northern city’s Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts Department.
Head of Someh Sara Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts Department Alireza Mehrgan described the village of Kasma as one of the most important centers and bases of the fighters of the Jungle Movement, led by Mirza Kuchak Khan, that played a key role in the history of Gilan, CHTN reported.
Mirza Kuchik Khan, an experienced activist in the Constitutional Revolution, launched the movement in 1915, in the forests of Gilan, demanding an end to central government corruption as well as foreign interference in the affairs of local peoples. The movement's members fought against foreign invaders.
The bathhouse was used as a hospital for the wounded of the Jungle Movement for some period.
Elaborating on the details of the historical monument, Mehrgan said that around the Qajar-era bathhouse, many alleys lead to the bazaar and show that it was built in a busy area of Kasma in those days.
The water required for this bath was supplied through rivers and aqueducts, and it was equipped with two hot-and-cold-water basins, he added.
Referring to the restoration of this monument by Gilan Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts Department during the past years, Mehrgan said the renovation process of the building was completed in 2017.
He expressed the hope that “with the plans made, we will see the opening of the museum of culture and art on the site of this historical bath in the future”.
Kasma Bath has a polygonal plan. The roof of the building has nine domes, of which six are the largest and the same size. Above these domes is a smaller dome that has round holes to illuminate the interior of the bathroom.
The historical monument of Kasma Bath was registered in Iran’s National Heritage List in September 2003 with the number 9941.
A brief overview of the architecture and components of the Iranian baths shows that they were built next to mosques in all cities and villages of Iran. The old baths were a few meters below the level of the alley and the corridor of the bazaars to allow water to enter the big tub and also to protect it from the winter cold.
In the bath building, stone, brick, and a mixture of sand and lime mortar were used. The dressing room, hallway, and hothouse were the main parts of the Iranian bath.