News ID: 316619
Published: 1010 GMT September 25, 2021

Amir Kabir, a great politician in recent two centuries of Iran

Amir Kabir, a great politician in recent two centuries of Iran

Mirza Taqi Farahani was born in 1807 in the Hazaveh village of Farahan, Iran, entitled Ataback-e A’zam (The Chief Minister), Amir Nezam (The Prince of the State), and Amir Kabir (The Great Prince), in Qajar Era. He is one of the greatest politicians in the recent two centuries of Iran. He initiated reforms that marked the effective beginning of the modernization of Iran, wrote.

At an early age, Mirza Taqi learned to read and write despite his humble origins. Because of his natural gift and talent, he mastered the required knowledge and skills when still very young.

He joined the provincial bureaucracy as a scribe and, by his abilities, rapidly advanced within the hierarchy of the administration.

His father, Karbalaei Mohammad Qorban, was the chef of Mirza Eissa Qa’em Maqam’s household and then in his son, Mirza Aboul Qassem’s household, he became the supervisor of the kitchen. Due to his special talent, Mohammad Taqi found his way from working in the back kitchen with his father to the classrooms of the noble children. Then he became a member of his secretariat. After a while, he left to become a state accountant of Mohammad Khan Zanganeh Amir Nezam.

In 1829, as a junior member of an Iranian mission to the Russian port city of Saint Petersburg, he observed the power of Russia, Iran's great neighbor.

He concluded that fundamental reforms were needed if Iran was to survive as a sovereign state.

His second visit to Russia with Amir Nezam and the mission was headed by Nasseraddin Mirza, according to

As a minister in Azarbaijan, he witnessed the inadequacies of the Iranian provincial administration, and during his tenure in Ottoman Turkey, he studied their progress toward modernization.

His most important foreign visit was to Arzrum during the crisis in the Iran-Ottoman relationship.

Upon his return to Iran in 1847, Mirza Taqi was appointed by Mohammad Shah of Qajar to the court of the crown prince, Nasereddin, the young son of the Qajar king, in Azarbaijan.

With the death of Mohammad Shah in 1848, Mirza Taqi was largely responsible for ensuring the crown prince's succession to the throne.

Mirza Taqi brought the young crown prince with exceptional know-how from Tabriz to Tehran.

Out of gratitude, the young monarch appointed him a chief minister and gave him the hand of his sister in marriage.

At this time, Mirza Taqi took the title of Amir Kabir.

He gained his premiership at a time when the affairs of the country were completely ruined and its internal system was torn down.

Iran was virtually bankrupt, its central government was weak, and its provinces were almost autonomous.

During the next two and a half years Amir Kabir initiated important reforms in virtually all sectors of society.

Government expenditure was slashed, and a distinction was made between the privy and public purses.

The instruments of central administration were overhauled, and Amir Kabir assumed responsibility for all areas of the bureaucracy.

Foreign interference in Iran's domestic affairs was curtailed, and foreign trade was encouraged.

A view of the entrance of Dar-ol-Fonun in Tehran


Public works such as the bazaar in Tehran were undertaken. A new college, the Dar-ol-Fonun (Skills House), was established for training a new cadre of administrators and acquainting them with modern techniques.

A photo of the only and unique manuscript of the newspaper of Vaqaye Etefaqieh


Among his other accomplishments was the foundation of a newspaper called "Vaqaye Etefaqieh" (The Happened Events).

Many exploits in political affairs as well as in the relationships with the neighboring and other foreign countries were made.

The ambassadors of great countries in Iran were treated in a way as expected from the premier of an independent government.

With a firm, doubtless, strong, and steady will, Amir Kabir continued his reformations and exploitations, and all alone, resisted the most selfish, tyrannous and despotic king of the Qajar Dynasty along with his corrupt relatives, courtiers, and flatterers, among whom some had been excluded from the government.

They regarded Amir Kabir as a social upstart and a threat to their interests, and they formed a coalition against him, in which the queen mother was active. She convinced the young king that Amir Kabir wanted to usurp the throne.

In October 1851, Nasereddin Shah dismissed the premier and exiled him to Fin Garden in Kashan, where he was murdered on the king's order on January 10, 1852. 

Historians and those who are acquainted with Amir Kabir and have studied his life and manners appreciate and regard him as a remarkable man.




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