"I appeal to the United States to lift or waive its sanctions as outlined in the plan and extend the waivers regarding the trade in oil with the Islamic Republic of Iran," said Rosemary DiCarlo, the UN under-secretary-general for political and peacebuilding affairs, AFP reported.
"Also important is the extension of US waivers regarding certain civilian nuclear-related activities," she told the UN Security Council.
DiCarlo added waiver extensions were also needed for exchanging enriched uranium out of Iran for natural uranium.
The deal, formally known as the JCPOA, has been on life support since 2018, when former president Donald Trump pulled the US out of the accord, which provided Iran with sanctions relief in return for curbs on its nuclear program, prompting Tehran to begin rolling back on its commitments a year later.
DiCarlo called on Iran "to reverse the steps it has taken that are not consistent with its nuclear-related commitments under the plan".
Envoys from Iran and the P4+1 group of countries — Britain, France, Russia, and China plus Germany — are in talks in Vienna to resuscitate the JCPOA.
Days into the renewed talks, Iran presented two draft texts which address, separately, the removal of US bans and Iran’s return to its nuclear commitments under the JCPOA.
Elsewhere in her comments, DiCarlo said that given the status of the Vienna talks, full restoration of the JCPOA and Resolution 2231 would require “additional effort and patience”.
“In recent days, both Iran and the United States have again affirmed their seriousness in seeking to return to full implementation of the JCPOA. The secretary-general is encouraged by these pledges and calls on both countries to expeditiously translate these commitments into a mutually acceptable agreement,” she added, according to Press TV.
“The secretary-general hopes that in their current negotiations, the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran will mobilize the same spirit and commitment that resulted in the JCPOA. There is simply no viable alternative to the full and effective implementation of the plan and the resolution.”
US responsible for whole mess
Also speaking during Tuesday’s meeting, Iran’s UN Ambassador Majid Takht-Ravanchi said that to resume its commitments under the JCPOA, Tehran was not “imposing any preconditions or new conditions,” and that all the remedial measures it has taken since Washington’s withdrawal were “reversible”.
Attempts to link the JCPOA’s implementation to extraneous issues or raising ideas such as renegotiation to expand its scope or extend its timelines or proposals are totally unacceptable and doomed to fail, he said.
He said the pillars of the JCPOA were Iran’s nuclear-related commitments and the reciprocal lifting of UN, European Union and US sanctions, as well as promoting normal economic and trade relations with Iran, but his country had been completely deprived of its rights and benefits under the agreement for almost four years.
Takht-Ravanchi further said that unlawful and inhumane US sanctions represented an all-out economic war against Iran, equivalent to economic terrorism.
The Islamic Republic has exercised maximum restraint and paid a heavy price to preserve the JCPOA; therefore, asking for objective and verifiable guarantees from the party “responsible for the whole mess” is absolutely warranted and necessary, according to the Iranian envoy.
The Vienna talks can succeed not by setting artificial deadlines or threats, unfounded accusations or disinformation campaigns, but only by engaging in negotiations with genuine political will and in good faith, he added.
US source of problem
Additionally, Russia’s deputy envoy to the UN said the United States’ policy, not Iran’s, is the source of the problem.
Dmitry Polyanskiy also expressed discouragement in Western colleagues making hasty comments about Iran’s negotiating position, which is still developing, meaning that any far-reaching conclusions outlined in New York are inappropriate.
“It is easier to break than build,” he said. “The main wrecker role” was played by the United States, leaving the JCPOA in 2018.
Explaining why the process has been slow, he said the international community waited for six months while the administration of US President Joe Biden determined its policy.
The United States must confirm its words with deeds, but instead, it continues its policy of maximum pressure on Iran, whose actions have been in reaction to those destructive steps, Polyanskiy said.
Outcome of multilateral diplomacy
Similarly, China’s Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN Geng Shuang, said the JCPOA was a major outcome of multilateral diplomacy 10 years in the making, pointing to the negative effects resulting from the United States’ pullout from that critical pillar of the international non-proliferation regime.
The official said that the resumption of negotiations would constitute a litmus test for Washington’s renewed commitment to multilateralism.
The US should lift all illegal sanctions on Iran and third parties and Iran, for its part, should resume full compliance with the JCPOA, Geng added.