News ID: 318818
Published: 1225 GMT December 19, 2021

19th phase of archeological excavations underway in Shahr-e Sukhteh

19th phase of archeological excavations underway in Shahr-e Sukhteh

Iranica Desk

The 19th phase of excavations is underway in Shahr-e Sukhteh (Burnt City), an ancient archaeological site located 60km from Zabol, the capital of the southeastern province of Sistan and Baluchestan.

Dating back 5,000 years, Shahr-e Sukhteh was among the most important urban areas. The ancient site was registered on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2014, ISNA reported.

The current phase of archeological excavation, launched on Nov. 22, will continue for about another month.

Studies are being carried out on three sections of the site. The archeologists involved in the project aim to find new archeological layers, continue research activities conducted during the past excavations and unearth more buried buildings and architectural structures.

A number of archeologists and researchers from Italy and Serbia were invited to participate in archaeobotanical, anthropological and osteological studies underway in Shahr-e Sukhteh.

Archeological excavations began in Shahr-e Sukhteh in 1995 under the supervision of a prominent Iranian archeologist, Mansour Sajjadi.

Archaeologists have so far realized that the Burnt City was evacuated 1,900 years ago, peacefully without any war or conflict. It is not yet clear how and why the ancient city, known as one of the most advanced ancient urban areas, was abandoned.

Shahr-e Sukhteh remained under a 20-cm. thick layer of ash and dust for around 4,000 years before being discovered. The dry desert climate of the region also helped to preserve the remains of this civilization.

During the excavation archeologists collected more than two million pieces from rooms of houses which had remained intact under salt. The city is considered to be located at the intersection of trade routes crossing the Iranian plateau.

There is a museum in front of the ancient site, in which the findings of Shahr-e Sukhteh, including pottery, figurines, and beads are showcased. Also, examples of graves derived from this ancient site have been restored and displayed in the museum.

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