The U.S. Secretary of State has said that the time to revive the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is very very very short, and the U.S. national security adviser has expressed doubts that the U.S. will return to the JCPOA in accordance with the 2015 agreement within a few weeks.
If these statements are added to the passive and unconstructive approach of the Western parties in the seventh round of the Vienna talks, then one can be more realistic in discovering the motivation of the United States and Europe in the Vienna talks. In short, the United States and Europe are trying to shrug off the burden of responsibility blaming the delay in the talks on Iran.
The tactic they have adopted in the negotiations appeared gradually through the media and political circles – that time for negotiations is very limited. As a result, they expect the Islamic Republic of Iran to accept the demands of the West and undermine its bottom line, which will not come true. The West is well aware that the failure to meet Iran’s demands in the negotiations, including lifting the sanctions and ensuring that the U.S. will not withdraw from the agreement, and will be contained, means an end to any agreement. This was made crystal clear by the Iranian top negotiator from the very beginning.
A more complex reason for this policy and negotiation tactic could be to lead the Islamic Republic to the conclusion that the nuclear steps taken are not enough to achieve a result, while more technical nuclear measures must be taken to boost the negotiations and to conclude it swiftly.
In this way, the West may find enough excuses to change the world public opinion to the detriment of Iran and to put into practice what they call “other options”.
They wish to introduce Iran as a nuclear threshold state that has gained its capability illegally and outside the agreement, and therefore should be condemned globally and at least sanctioned. On the other hand, by introducing Iran as a new threat, they must intensify their military presence in the region.
This “option” and conspiracy has been completely thwarted with the vigilance and precision of Iran adhering to its principles, including the Leader’s fatwa, stating that the production and use of nuclear weapons is forbidden. All the Islamic Republic’s nuclear steps and measures so far have been based on peaceful needs and will never go beyond that.
Another option left for the West is to reach an interim agreement, and in order to reach it, they are trying to pave the way by blaming the other side by highlighting the time constraint factor. Given the fact that in the current situation, i.e., the developments in the region, the world’s opposition to the U.S. withdrawal from the JCPOA, and the constructive initiative and seriousness of the new government in Iran to reach an agreement and the full implementation of the JCPOA, the West has lost its lead in the negotiations. They are looking to buy time to restore confidence and change the circumstances surrounding the negotiations.
Aware of such tricks, the Islamic Republic of Iran has opposed any deviant proposal in the negotiations and has offered the only option available to be a lifting of sanctions and abiding by the JCPOA commitments. Time for negotiations is limited, but not because of the reason the U.S. and Europe claim, but because the Iranian nation, including medical patients and vulnerable people, are still suffering severely by unjust sanctions, and Iranian negotiators will not be satisfied with anything less than the total lifting of all sanctions.