1132 GMT July 04, 2022
Mirk ancient site in northern province of Semnan, as the oldest archeological site and the first open-air Paleolithic area of the country, needs a research center, said deputy head of the team carrying out an excavation project in the region.
Seyyed Milad Hashemi said the establishment of a research center for the historical hills of Mirk would play an important role in upgrading the studies on the site, IRNA wrote.
He noted that the ancient site is known worldwide and several articles have been published in prestigious English-language publications about it.
Hashemi added that Mirk archeological site should be given serious attention by all related organizations of Semnan Province.
The archaeologist said as agriculture is in trouble due to water shortage, tourism, as an alternative, can pave the way for sustainable development and generation of revenue in the country.
He pointed out that Neanderthals were most likely settled in the area alongside wise humans, adding their lives were based on hunting and collecting plants.
“The northern part of the Iranian Plateau has paid due attention to during the last 20 years. In particular, the archeological team, led by Hamed Vahdati-Nasab, surveyed a large number of ancient sites located in Semnan Province,” he said.
He noted that archeological studies have been conducted in the sites of Delazian and Mirk in Semnan, Sufiabad in Sorkheh and Chah-e Jam in Damghan as well as the historical section of Eyvanaki.
“In an article, Vahdati-Nasab proposed the hypothesis of the ‘northern corridor of central desert in Paleolithic Period’,” the archeologist said.
He believes that new discoveries would help complete the puzzle related to the hypothesis.
Hashemi continued that absolute chronology shows that the site has three archeological layers, the oldest one was formed 55,000 years ago, from the end of the Middle Paleolithic Age, while the next layer dates back to Neolithic Period.
The settlement of human groups in Mirk in the wet periods caused the formation of different layers in the area.
“It was unlikely that people lived in the region in dry periods”, he said.
Hashemi mentioned that findings of the area include animal bones and teeth along with significant stone tools, noting that most of the animals lived in Mirk were equines and Bovidae, some of them are extinct species.
Mirk ancient site is situated eight kilometers from south of the city of Semnan. It has been registered on Iran’s National Heritage List in 2001.