1136 GMT July 04, 2022
Iran and the remaining parties to the 2015 nuclear deal have produced the main draft of a possible agreement to revive the deal after months of talks in Vienna, but they still have differences on a few unresolved issues, said an MP.
Speaking to Tasnim News Agency, Abolfazl Amouei, a member of the Iranian Parliament’s National Security and Foreign Policy Committee, added Tehran will only sign an agreement if these issues are solved.
The first issue pertains to the measures the United States is required to implement to be able to regain its former status as a party to the nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the lawmaker noted.
In line with that, removing the sanctions on Iran and providing the country with the opportunity of having international cooperation are the country’s fundamental requests based on Paragraph 29 of the JCPOA, he added.
Reacting to Saturday remarks by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov regarding Moscow’s demand for receiving guarantees from Washington, Amouei said what the Russian side has recently stated is its own request from the United States.
He added Iran has not made any requests in this regard, stressing that Russia and the United States are required to resolve the issue between themselves as it pertains to their ongoing bilateral relations regarding the crisis in Ukraine.
The lawmaker said Iran has done its best to maintain a safe distance between the Vienna negotiations and the developments unfolding in Eurasia, Eastern Europe and Ukraine, stressing thus, the Americans are the ones who must keep all sides satisfied.
Amouei noted that in fact, concerns about U.S. fulfilment of its commitments is currently beyond worries voiced by Iran, having become an international issue.
“Different countries are worried if the United States would fulfill its commitments under the JCPOA if the deal is restored.”
To address those concerns, Iran’s demand for and insistence on receiving guarantees that neither the other parties nor the succeeding U.S. governments would drop the deal again are quite logical.
On Friday, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian said the Islamic Republic is ready for concluding a good and immediate agreement in Vienna; but the Western side’s hastiness to this end will not make Tehran turn a blind eye to its red lines.
Making the remarks in a phone conversation with the European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell, Amir-Abdollahian added observing Iran’s declared red lines, including providing an effective guarantee that would secure Tehran’s economic benefits within the nuclear deal’s framework, is the prerequisite for the presence of the involved parties’ foreign ministers in Vienna and announcement of a final agreement, mfa.gov.ir reported.
Appreciating Borrell’s efforts to coordinate the negotiations in the Austrian capital, he stressed that Iran’s top negotiator, Ali Bagheri Kani, and the country’s senior experts remain in Vienna for constant and active consultations with all delegations.
“Our country’s delegation will continue its efforts with seriousness to reach a final and good agreement.”
Amir Abdollahian emphasized that he will be ready to travel to Vienna when and if the Western sides accept Iran’s remaining declared red lines.
Borrell said Iran’s major demands have been addressed in the likely final agreement.
He added the negotiations between Iran and the other parties are on the path of progress and reaching a final result.
Iran signed the JCPOA with the world powers in July 2015. However, former President Donald Trump pulled the United States out of the agreement in May 2018 and reimposed Washington’s unilateral sanctions on Tehran.
Since April 2021, several rounds of talks have been held in the Austrian capital between Iran and the remaining JCPOA parties, namely Russia, China, France, Britain and Germany, to revive the deal.
Iran insists on obtaining guarantees that the succeeding U.S. governments would not drop the deal again and calls for the lifting the sanctions in a verifiable manner.