1234 GMT July 05, 2022
During the archeological excavations carried out in the city of Lali in the southwestern province of Khuzestan, valuable archeological evidence was emerged about the presence of the Paleolithic cultures in the region.
Mohammad Javad Shoaei, leading a group of archeologists working in the region, said that French archaeologist Roman Grishman excavated the largest cave of the region, named Pebdeh, in 1946, IRNA reported.
Unfortunately, the results of the studies were not published and no information is available about the objects discovered in the cave.
The cave was re-excavated by Hamed Vahdatinasab, an Iranian archeologist, in collaboration with the Archeology Department of the Max Planck Research Institute in 2019.
“For the first time in Iran, archeological objects which are 43,000 years older than Pebdeh Cave, dating back to the Upper Paleolithic Period, also called Late Stone Age, were found in the area,” Shoaei said.
The studies continued to identify other ancient caves and rock shelters located in the region dating back to the Paleolithic Period.
Archeological excavations were carried out in a region extending in an area of 800 sq.km, situated in the northern part of Khuzestan Province.
He said that more than 35 caves and rock shelters were discovered in the nomadic region, pointing out that a number of stone tools dating back to the Early Paleolithic, Epipaleolithic and Neolithic periods were found in 18 sites of them.
“In addition, an open area dating back to the Paleolithic Period was identified, in which more than 300 stone tools were unearthed,” he noted.
Preliminary studies show that due to the availability of water resources and abundant hunting opportunities, Lali region was settled by many human groups since the Paleolithic Period.
The similarity between the tools found in the area and those discovered in Pebdeh Cave, confirms that a number of sites are contemporaneous with the cave.
The Early Paleolithic Period began in Europe and the Levant about 45,000 to 60,000 years ago.
“The effects of the period were not identified in Iran before the excavation of Pebdeh Cave in 2019. The achievement will pave the way for conducting extensive studies on the migration of human groups from Africa and Europe to Asia,” he concluded.