News ID: 320906
Published: 1112 GMT April 10, 2022

Khorasan Razavi a handicraft hub, needs more handicraft

Khorasan Razavi a handicraft hub, needs more handicraft
Farat-bafi

Iranica Desk

Handicrafts represent the artistic side of traditions and cultures of a country or a region. The artworks, as the cultural souvenirs, play a major role in tourism sector as well. The Iranian northeastern province of Khorasan Razavi is no exception. A large number of exhibitions were held in the province during the past years to introduce the handicrafts and traditional arts of the local people to the pilgrims of holy shrine of Imam Reza (PBUH), the eighth Imam of Shia Muslims, and other tourists traveling to the province.

 

Farat-bafi

 

Kolsum Andi, an entrepreneur who is active in the province, told ISNA that farat-bafi is one of the handicrafts of Isfahan, Yazd and Khorasan Razavi provinces, dating back to 150 years ago.

She said since there were no advanced machines at that time, people used their simple spinning machines to turn cotton into yarn and to sew clothes and other items made of fabric.

Farat-bafi is presently used to produce various items including scarves, shawls, towels, baby clothes, jajim (traditional Iranian floor covering) and hospital bandages.

“They are mostly produced by vulnerable people in the Khorasan Razavi Province including those covered by State Welfare Organization of Iran and Imam Khomeini Relief Committee. The revenues from the sale of the handicrafts are given to them,” she said.

“More than 2,000 farat-bafi workshops are working in the province”, she said, pointing out that 1,700 machines are used only in a village of Torbat-e Jaam.

 

Gem carving

 

Another handicraft of Khorasan Razavi Province, which is well-known in the world, is gem carving.

Fatemeh Ja’fari, an entrepreneur, said that the stones used in the industry are extracted from the mountains near Torbat-e Jaam. They are used to make various types of jewelry, ornaments and statues.

She added that the mountains are rich in precious stones including agate, quartz, amethyst and jasper.

“To tell if an agate is real, you should see whether light can pass through it. Real agate is translucent. Meanwhile, manmade stones are homogeneous while natural ones are not,” she said.

Ja’fari noted that stones have unique properties, and people use them to treat various diseases and absorb energy.

 

Leather crafting

 

Fatemeh Mohammadi, a leatherworker, said that the handicraft has flourished in various parts of the country since long ago.

“After tanning skins and hides of animals, leatherworkers make bags, belts, shoes, etc.,” she said.

She noted that the archeological studies show that Iranian people have used leather since 1,500 year ago. At that time, the product was mostly used to make saddle and durable objects.

Mohammadi said Mashhad has a long history of leatherworking and numerous workshops are now active in the city, generating jobs for a large number of people.

Various types of clothing and accessories including pants, gloves, coats, jackets, shoes, bags and keychains are made from leather.

 

 

 

She expressed hope that exhibitions and support for artisans will prevent these valuable handicrafts from fading into oblivion.

   
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