Iran summoned the Afghan charge d'affaires on Tuesday after attacks on the Iranian Embassy in Kabul and two other diplomatic missions.
The Iranian Foreign Ministry’s director general for South Asia summoned the Afghan envoy "to vigorously protest the attacks on the Iranian Embassy in Kabul and the consulate general in Herat", a statement said.
Seyyed Rasoul Mousavi reminded the Afghan charge d'affaires of the responsibility of governments in ensuring the security of diplomatic missions and called for legal proceedings against those attacking Iran’s diplomatic missions.
On Monday, dozens of Afghans demonstrated outside the Iranian consulate in Herat and damaged surveillance cameras at the mission before dispersing.
A similar demonstration occurred in the southeastern city of Khost, and another took place outside the Iranian Embassy in Kabul.
Footage on social media showed a small group of Afghans throwing rocks at Iran's diplomatic missions in Kabul and Herat, Reuters reported.
Another demonstration occurred near Ahmad Shah Massoud Square in Kabul on Tuesday, AFP reported.
A Taliban official called the demonstration in Herat “unauthorized”, which was “immediately dispersed” by security forces.
They came after videos spread widely on social media over the weekend, purportedly showing Iranian border guards and Iranian mobs beating Afghan refugees.
It was unclear when the images were filmed, and their authenticity could not be independently verified.
Iranian officials on Monday denied there was mistreatment of Afghan refugees in Iran.
On Sunday, The Iranian Embassy in Kabul called the images "baseless and invalid".
Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh had warned against plots by “certain ill-wishers of Iran and Afghanistan” to draw a wedge between people of the other country.
Khatibzadeh said on Tuesday that all Iranian diplomatic missions in Afghanistan “are open and continue to operate”.
The Iranian Embassy and consular sections in Afghanistan had suspended operations "in order to obtain necessary assurances guaranteeing total security of the missions".
Over five million Afghans, documented and undocumented, live in Iran, Foreign Minister Amir-Abdollahian said last week.
Iran has seen a fresh influx of Afghans since the Taliban returned to power last August.
More than 300,000 more refugees have entered since then as Iran faces hardships caused by unliteral US sanctions.
Thousands of people daily try to cross into neighboring Iran in search of work, or in a bid to reach Europe in the hope of asylum.
Iran has called for a boost to international humanitarian efforts for Afghanistan on various occasions, criticizing the international community for insufficient aid for the refugees given the wave of displaced Afghans heading toward Iran, Press TV wrote.
Iran’s Foreign Ministry says the UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, should play a more active role inside Afghanistan and help reduce the inflow of refugees through aid efforts.
Currently, more than 520,000 foreign students, including Afghan students, are studying for free in Iran. Furthermore, Iran’s COVID-19 vaccination drive has also included Afghan refugees alongside Iranians.