News ID: 321510
Published: 0312 GMT May 10, 2022
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Assad’s Tehran visit important regionally, internationally

Assad’s Tehran visit important regionally, internationally
ipis.ir
Development of amicable relations between Iran and Syria began in the early days after the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, and has continued with greater momentum ever since Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s rise to power.

Mojtaba Ferdowsi-Pour Middle East expert

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s visit to Tehran on Sunday is of great importance in terms of bilateral, regional and international relations.

Following the start of the war in his country in 2011, Assad made his first trip to Iran in February 2019, for which the arrangements had been made by the late Iranian anti-terror commander Lieutenant General Qassem Soleimani, who was assassinated by the United States in January 2020.

That visit’s main achievement, the strengthened strategic connection between Iran and Syria, manifested itself in the resistance front’s victory against extremism and Zionists’ state terrorism in the Arab state. The second Iran visit by the Syrian president took place in Martyr Soleimani’s absence, as joint efforts have helped ensure security in the Arab country.

In addition to its contribution to the improvement of bilateral strategic-security relations, the other achievement of Assad’s second Tehran visit pertained to the promotion of economic and trade relations between Tehran and Damascus.

Development of amicable relations between Iran and Syria began in the early days after the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, and has continued with greater momentum ever since Assad’s rise to power. Today, the strategic unity is becoming more clearly manifest in view of the improvement seen in different aspects of bilateral ties, including Syria’s reconstruction following the resolution of the country’s crisis.

Expansion of ties with neighbors and regional states is the top foreign policy priority of the incumbent Iranian administration under President Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi. This comes as Syria can play a significant role in turning Iran into a regional energy hub, which makes its ensured security and stability of great importance to the Islamic Republic.

In terms of regional developments, Assad’s visit was quite important. The Iran-Iraq-Syria triangle can play a strategic role in development of the region’s economic and energy sector. More importantly, the trip was taken ahead of upcoming visits by two important regional leaders, Qatari Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, to Tehran, which indicates Iran’s significant role in global energy interactions and highlights Syria’s position as an important link in this regard.

In addition, Iran can catalyze Syria’s return to the Arab League and highlight Damascus’ importance in the organization through its support, a process which can be complemented by Iraq’s contribution.

The strengthening of the trilateral alliance is also important as it can, once again, place the resistance front at the helm of the Arab union as a countermeasure in the face of bids by some regional states to normalize ties with Israel. It can also help Syria as well as other Arab states, such as Algeria, Iraq and those in North Africa, to become the new decision-makers in the Arab League.

In addition, on the back of the resurgence of the activities of Palestine’s Intifada (Uprising) a few weeks ago, a new balance has been stricken between the resistance front and the Zionist regime. The liberation movement, with the resistance front at its center, can further stress Syria’s constructive role in the Muslim world.

Lebanon’s political status quo, particularly following the parliamentary election in the country, is also of significance as it is predictable that the resistance front will assume a prominent role in Lebanon’s future politics. Thus, in view of regional developments, the timing of Assad’s visit to Tehran was quite appropriate.

From an international aspect, the Syrian president’s Iran visit gains added importance in view of the war in Ukraine, which is impacting developments in West Asia. It is highly anticipated that in the aftermath of the crisis, Russia would change its policies toward Israel’s aggressions against Syria, in favor of the Arab country.

In addition, due to the war in Ukraine, the world is faced with exacerbating food and energy crises. The new global situation can help Iran become the regional energy hub. Furthermore, in view of the upcoming visits by the Qatari emir and Turkish president, as well as the likely rapprochement between Tehran and Riyadh, it can be assumed that the world could be provided with a new lifeline amid its worsening energy and food crisis through Iran. By strengthening their relations, Iran, Iraq and Syria can play a very effective role in improving global oil and gas markets.

Moreover, the developments in the Vienna talks on the revival of a 2015 nuclear deal imply that the international community has come to the conclusion that it has to adopt a more realistic approach in its interactions with Iran. Thus, the prospect of the removal of the sanctions on Iran and Syria rekindles hopes of a transformation in regional interactions, preparing the ground for development of economic ties.

 

 

   
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