0613 GMT August 10, 2022
The India visit by Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian is of great importance to bilateral relations from different aspects.
Although the agreements reached between the two countries during the trip will definitely impact development of bilateral ties, expansion of relations between Tehran and New Delhi are influenced by two other main factors.
Firstly, over the past years, bilateral relations have been subject to numerous ups and downs, the adverse impacts of which are manifest in the delayed implementation of the giant project to develop the southeastern Iranian port of Chabahar.
India’s diverse stances toward the project over the past years have, in a way, bewildered Iran. Thus, among the main missions of Amir-Abdollahian in India is working toward stabilizing bilateral ties and resolving the instabilities caused during the previous years.
Secondly, Iran and India are faced with certain considerations in view of efforts to develop bilateral ties, and it appears as if the two sides have reached an agreement in this regard during the trip.
The pace and possibility of implementing Chabahar port’s development project are closely interwoven with these considerations, which, per se, stem from the role played by the United States, Israel, regional Arab states, Pakistan, China and Afghanistan’s developments in Iran-India relations.
The two countries have their own different stances on these issues, which are the main obstacles to the development of bilateral ties. These differences are required to be resolved, thus, helping bring the two sides closer to one another, as already is the case with respect to many other issues.
The obligations arising from the two sides’ interests are what will help them overcome these intermittent differences and address the considerations. It implies that their national interests form the basis for their talks and agreements as well as efforts to get closer to each other.
The two governments are required to create more overlapping areas and, thus, commonalities in terms of their national interests.
If India seeks to pursue the policy of turning into a major world power, it will have to have good relations with a country like Iran that can create both wealth and power for New Delhi. Iran’s rich energy resources and market have remarkable capacities and can be of great contribution to India’s efforts toward achieving its goals. More importantly, owing to its geopolitical position, Iran can turn into India’s gateway to the Persian Gulf, Central Asia, the Caucasus, Middle East and even Europe.
Iran can become an important trade and strategic partner for India, helping the South Asian state work toward its objectives.
This comes as India has favorable capacities that can contribute to Iran’s development. Like New Delhi, Tehran has ambitious plans for its development and, with U.S. unilateral sanctions posing an obstacle to the fulfilment of the Islamic Republic’s objectives, it can benefit from the expansion of relations with India.
As a matter of fact, Iran and India need each other for the achievement of their long-term targets and both realize that the improvement of bilateral ties is in their favor.
Tehran and New Delhi are required to place creating a win-win scenario on their agenda based on striking a balance in their national interests, and being far from bids by other players who may wish to poison their relations.