0302 GMT June 27, 2022
Parliamentary elections were held in France on Sunday about two months after the victory of Emmanuel Macron in the presidential elections.
In the Sunday elections, Macron’s party lost its majority despite winning most of the seats. Therefore, his party would not be able to form the government without a coalition.
In spite of facing ups and downs during his five years in office and public criticism, especially in the foreign policy area, Macron managed to win.
One of the reasons behind his victory in this year presidential election was his far-right rival Marine Le Pen, whose right-wing policies has caused concern in French society.
But parliamentary elections are different from presidential elections. In Parliamentary elections, parties enter the race with different conditions. The parties which failed in the presidential elections make greater efforts to make up for their defeat in the presidential elections and name a prime minister.
Now, given the results of the parliamentary elections, it seems that he can enter into an alliance with the Republicans and form a government. Among the political parties in Parliament, Macron’s party is closer to the Republicans. Although there are fundamental differences between the two parties, which go back to the 2017 presidential elections, in which Macron left the party and formed a new one, Republic On the Move.
However, Macron would apparently enter into talks with Republicans to form a government and would be able to nominate a prime minister unless he couldn’t convince Republicans with concessions.
Therefore, Macron would face two opposition blocs in Parliament, meaning that the relationship between the executive and legislative branches is expected to be tense. Consequently, Macron would have problems with lawmakers in implementing his policies during the second term in office although such issues would not be serious enough to bring his upcoming government to a standstill.
The composition of Parliament has also messages for the next presidential election. The left-wing coalition, led by Melenchon, could not be stable as its members do not have much in common; what brings them together is to compensate for their defeat to win the presidential office, to appoint a prime minister, as well as reaching an agreement on the retirement age and working hours of government employees.
Unlike the left-wing coalition, the far right has found a good opportunity to rebuild and strengthen itself, especially as Le Pen has made her way into Parliament where she can challenge Macron’s policies and elevate her position.
Therefore, the next presidential election is predicted to be similar to the 2022 race, where the far right and Macron’s party are set to lock horns. The race will be tight if Macron’s party can find a successor charismatic enough to replace him.