News ID: 322720
Published: 1146 GMT July 05, 2022

Vakil Caravanserai: Amazing historical structure in Kerman

Vakil Caravanserai: Amazing historical structure in Kerman

Iranica Desk

Vakil Caravanserai is an amazing ancient structure located on Shariati Street in Kerman, the capital city of the southeastern province of Kerman. With more than 120 rooms, the monument is among the largest caravanserais of the country.

The two-story building was built by the order of Mohammad Ismail Khan, the governor of Kerman from 1898 to 1908, reported.

The historical monument is in the vicinity of the important historical center of the city including Ganjali Khan bathhouse and caravanserai, Coin Museum, Kerman Bazaar, as well as Vakil Bazaar and mosque.

The caravanserai has two entrance doors to Vakil Bazaar, both of which are decorated with beautiful plasterwork and tiling. Eighty-one chambers have been constructed on the ground floor, and thirty-nine on the upper floor.

The caravanserai has a wind catcher, having a special beauty, and a clock tower which is of great historical importance.

A renovation project is being implemented in the caravanserai, which was previously served as a commercial center, to turn it into a hotel. Regarding the geographical location of the monument, the move is expected to lead to the prosperity of the tourism sector in the region and help attract a large number of Iranian and foreign tourists to the province.

During the implementation of the project, efforts are being made to use the full capacity of the caravanserai in the best possible manner and make the monument an accommodation center making revenues for the city.   

Several sections are scheduled to be established in caravanserai to introduce various handcrafts and souvenirs of the city including kilim-weaving, pateh-douzi (a type of embroidery), mat-weaving and precious stone-cutting.

A typical caravanserai consists of a square or rectangular plan centered around a courtyard with entrances and arrangements for defense if necessary. Whether fortified or not, it at least provided security against beasts of prey and attacks by brigands.

Iran’s earliest caravanserais were built during the Achaemenid Era (550 -330 BCE). Centuries later, when Shah Abbas I assumed power from 1588-1629, he ordered the construction of a network caravanserais across the country. For many travelers to Iran, staying in or even visiting a centuries-old caravanserai, can be an interesting experience; they have an opportunity to feel the past, a time to travel back into a forgotten age.

Big and sprawling Kerman Province is something of a cultural melting pot, blending various regional cultures over time. It is also home to rich tourist spots and historical sites including bazaars, mosques, caravanserais, and ruins of ancient urban areas.


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