News ID: 322953
Published: 0241 GMT July 18, 2022
EXCLUSIVE

Tehran summit a turning point in regional developments

Tehran summit a turning point in regional developments
didarnews.ir

Firouz Dolatabadi Iran’s former ambassador to Turkey

The visits by the Russian and Turkish presidents, Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan, to Tehran for taking part in a tripartite meeting with their Iranian counterpart, Seyyed Ebrahim Raeisi, come in continuation of the trilateral talks to discuss the status quo in Syria and improve coordination in this regard.

The reality, however, is that recent developments unfolding in the region are currently outweighing those of Syria, raising the possibility of the Tehran meeting to also focus on the new regional changes.

These developments include the ongoing war in Ukraine, Turkey’s political closeness to the regional Arab states and Israel, Ankara’s incompatible stances on Syria with those of Tehran and Moscow, the talks on the revival of the 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and the remaining parties and U.S. President Joe Biden’s recent regional visit, which are all indicative of the importance and complexity of the upcoming discussions in the Iranian capital.  

Iran plays a very significant role in regional developments. My studies on the three countries’ overlapping national security areas show that Iran can be effective in ensuring Russia’s security in all sectors and play a role in helping guarantee that of Turkey, although Turkey does not play a strong role in providing Iran’s security. The Tehran meeting can help further elaborate on the three countries’ national security situations and increase the number of the overlapping areas. The discussions, for instance, can convince Turkey to change its positions on Syria, making them more compatible with those of Iran and Russia. In addition, they can modify its stances toward the war between Russia and Ukraine as, against Moscow’s will, Ankara recently consented to the membership of Finland and Sweden in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

Over the past months, Russia’s relations with the West have undergone numerous changes, which have resulted in the imposition of the sanctions by the European Union and the United States on Moscow. Owing to its considerable experiences in confronting sanctions, Iran can currently come to Russia’s aid. Iran is a powerful country, which despite having been a target of the West’s unjust coercive measures over the past four decades, has managed to maintain its independence, improve its national security and gain a unique geopolitical influence in the region.

It can be confidently said that, throughout the history, Iran has never been as powerful and influential in its surrounding region as it is at present. In case of having a logical and orderly agenda, those currently at the helm of the country’s foreign policy apparatus can extract numerous achievements from the Islamic Republic’s present excellent regional position.

The Tehran meeting can, therefore, be a turning point in relations among Iran, Russia and Turkey, helping the three countries to, in addition to enhancing security and political cooperation, foster their collaborations in the economic sector. The Tehran talks can also help make more congruent the three sides’ positions on issues pertaining to their common interests and, concurrently, send an important message to regional rivals and their transregional supporters.

The Tehran trips by Putin and Erdogan come a few days after Biden’s visits to Israel and Saudi Arabia. Although the arrangements for the trilateral meeting had been made prior to the U.S. president’s Middle East tour, its closeness to Biden’s trip automatically gives special significance to it, supporting the assumption that the White House had planned the Middle East visit in a way to precede that of Putin to Iran, enabling Washington to cover up its failed domestic and foreign policies. Biden’s visit has had no achievement for him or been of any contribution to the resolution of any regional security and economic dispute. It was a hasty trip, on which there was even no unanimity among all regional Arab states. The signals coming from Biden’s trip to Israel indicate that the agreements reached between the two sides are rhetorical in nature and part of a media campaign.  

Hence, the Tehran summit can have more important, successful and tangible outcomes if the three sides have logical agenda for positively impacting the regional developments and bring their stances closer to one another.

 

   
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