0911 GMT October 06, 2022
Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, in a meeting with the president and cabinet members last month, considered one of the successes of the 13th administration to be its refusal to base the country’s issues on external factors.
Ayatollah Khamenei noted that big powers, including the United States, usually use various pressure levers against countries to achieve their goals. For example, a country is sanctioned or subjected to military aggression under a false pretext, and they set a condition to remove this pressure. For example, they say that our condition is that you limit your nuclear capability or reduce your defense capabilities. These conditions can be very dangerous and even violate the territorial integrity and national sovereignty of countries. For example, after the sanctions on Libya, America and Europe asked the leader of this country, Muammar Gaddafi, to destroy his military capabilities in order to lift sanctions. After Gaddafi complied with their request, America and Europe attacked this disarmed country under the pretext of a lack of democracy in Libya and turned it into ruins.
Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, Syria, Somalia, etc., are other examples of the implementation of the policy of applying pressure and then making the removal of these pressures conditional on securing the interests of the United States. In relation to Iran, the approach of the United States, with the help of three European countries, is to transform the JCPOA as a means of exerting pressure on Iran to achieve its goals.
The 13th administration adopted two constructive approaches by not being passive towards the enemy and not making the country’s economy dependent on the JCPOA. The first approach was to try to neutralize the sanctions by relying on internal resources to strengthen the economy and to strengthen bilateral and multilateral relations with friendly countries, especially with neighbors.
In the second approach, the continuation of JCPOA negotiations to cancel oppressive sanctions and reach a good agreement by avoiding haste and using smart tactics was placed on the agenda of the diplomacy apparatus.
In fact, the 13th administration, by taking advantage of previous experiences, realized that it is a big mistake to tie the solution of the country’s economic issues to the Vienna negotiations or to allow various issues of the country depend on something that is not in Iran’s control.
For example, at some points, the administration and Parliament could not reach a clear decision about the indicators, revenues, and expenses of the budget, and how to change the economic and living conditions of the people due to the uncertainty of the final outcome of the negotiations. In this period, by not making the budget adjustment dependent on the nuclear negotiations, the administration and Parliament managed to adjust the budget bill with a realistic and workable approach.
Today, many of the country’s manufacturers, which usually waited for the outcome of negotiations, have learned the path of marketing, partnership, and embargo management for currency exchange by relying on their abilities and experiences and have contributed to the increase of non-oil exports by re-engineering the business environment. Further access to foreign exchange earnings from the sale of oil and non-oil items, sufficient supply of foreign currency in banks, the use of national currencies in economic interactions with neighbors, and the increase of export capabilities, especially in neighboring markets are the results of the non-dependence of the economy on the nuclear negotiations.
Economic indicators show that the lack of dependence of the country’s economy and the people’s livelihood on the JCPOA, supporting production and trying to remove its obstacles, setting up inactive factories and completing half-finished projects, and boosting production have also led to employment.
Adopting the necessary measures to sell oil and increasing demand from industrialized countries to buy and store oil due to the crisis in Ukraine has created new opportunities for Iran’s economy. Today, according to OPEC’s official statistics, Iran’s oil production in April was 2.56 million barrels per day, which increased by 36,000 barrels per day compared to the first three months of 2022. Iran’s export of oil and gas condensate in 1401 (beginning March 21, 2022) is more than one million barrels per day, and its revenues are fully collected. In total, Iran’s export of crude oil and gas condensate reaches more than one million barrels per day. According to Javad Owji, Iran’s minister of oil, all oil revenues have been collected on the specified date. We have received 80% of oil revenues in cash and the rest has been cleared with medicine and basic goods.
In general, the recognition of Iran’s economy, with a population of 80 million and its proximity to the region’s market of 600 million people, can lead to the use of a very high capacity for the country’s economy at the regional and global levels.
Besides the fact that Iran’s economy is not dependent on the JCPOA, Iran’s rationale for not directly negotiating with America is also correct and based on knowing the enemy. Today, even the most optimistic people have realized that the main reason for the failure of negotiations was America’s obstruction. In the current situation, when the Islamic Republic of Iran is constructively and flexibly seeking the fruitfulness of the negotiations, we are witnessing that the US is seeking to disrupt the negotiations by raising illusory issues and citing false information from the Zionists. Naturally, conducting direct negotiations with a country that does not understand Iran’s economic progress will have no result other than prolonging, complicating, and reducing the effectiveness of the negotiations.
Of course, it should also be taken into consideration that not conditioning the country’s economy on the JCPOA does not mean turning away from the continuation of the Vienna negotiations. The 13th government entered the Vienna negotiations more determined than before to remove the oppressive sanctions and even accepted indirect negotiations with the United States in Qatar through the mediation of the representative of the EU.
It is natural that if the Vienna talks finally lead to the lifting of the sanctions, it will bring more economic opportunities, but at the same time, considering the height of the wall of distrust between Iran and the United States, it is necessary to focus on neutralizing the sanctions and continue to avoid conditioning Iran’s economic development on the negotiations.