News ID: 324058
Published: 0436 GMT September 09, 2022

Diplomacy-cum-sanctions policy

Diplomacy-cum-sanctions policy

Political Desk

In reaction to the latest report by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Iran stressed that fulfillment of commitments by all parties to a 2015 nuclear deal is the precondition for the reestablishment of the agency’s verification system.

In his seasonal report issued on Wednesday, IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi said Iran was continuing to enrich uranium well over the limits laid down in the nuclear deal, with its stockpile now over 19 times the limit set out in the accord.

Quoting the IAEA report, Reuters wrote on Wednesday Iran's stock of uranium enriched to 60 percent and in the form of uranium hexafluoride, the gas that centrifuges enrich, was estimated to be 55.6 kilograms, an increase of 12.5 kilograms from the previous quarterly report.

In its report, the agency, once again, claimed that Iran has not yet provided valid answers about the source of the detected uranium particles in its three “undeclared” nuclear sites.  

Reacting to the report, spokesman of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Behrouz Kamalvandi stressed that Iran’s peaceful nuclear program has so far had the highest transparency.

He added the report by the IAEA director general is a repetition of the previous baseless politically-motivated claims.

Kamalvandi noted that Iran's ambassador to the international organizations in Vienna, Mohsen Naziri, will provide well-founded and legal answers to the report in the upcoming meeting of the IAEA’s Board of Governors.

The AEOI spokesman said the reestablishment of the previous verification system requires the parties to the nuclear deal to fulfill their obligations, emphasizing that they should not expect Tehran to be open to inspections beyond safeguards while they do not adhere to their obligations and their cruel sanctions against the Iranian nation still continue.

In June, the IAEA's Board of Governors adopted an anti-Iran resolution proposed by the United States and the E3 group of Britain, France, and Germany, accusing Iran of non-cooperation with the agency, following which Iran removed some of the agency’s surveillance cameras operating beyond the safeguards agreements from its nuclear sites.

Grossi’s insistence on receiving answers from Iran about the nuclear particles found in some of the country’s “undeclared” sites, which is known as the possible military dimension case (PMD), comes as the case pertains to years ago and has been closed once in the past.

Commenting on the same issue, Naziri reminded that outstanding issues concerning Iran's nuclear work had been resolved between the country and the agency in line with a resolution that was issued by the IAEA's Board of Governors in 2015.

He said Iran has so far had appropriate and constructive interactions with the agency in order to resolve them.

The Board of Governors will hold its meeting next week and is expected to review the IAEA’s report about Iran. However, The Wall Street Journal reporter Laurence Norman has tweeted, “I understand that after the E3/US call earlier there will be no Iran censure resolution at the @iaeaorg BOG next week.”




Grossi’s report was published at a time when Iran and the United States are assessing one another’s viewpoints about the European Union’s proposed final draft a potential agreement to revive the nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Yet, it appears as if the Americans are still refraining from demonstrating the flexibility necessary for reaching an agreement. In addition, they keep repeating some of their nonconstructive previous measures. For instance, the U.S. Department of the Treasury imposed sanctions on four companies and one individual from Iran on Thursday under the pretext of cooperation with Russia.

Such moves are perceived by Iran as nonconstructive behaviors on the path of the negotiations to revive the JCPOA.

Concurrent with the imposition of the new sanctions, the U.S. officials’ positions have shifted from being within diplomatic frameworks to sounding more like threats, as they have spoken of resorting to options other than negotiation in the face of Iran.

U.S. National security spokesman John Kirby said on Thursday President Joe Biden wants to ensure that the United States has "other available options" to ensure that Iran does not achieve nuclear weapons capability, if efforts to revive the JCPOA fail.

He said Washington would remain active in pushing for reimplementation of the agreement, but its patience was "not eternal”.


Clarity call


Nonetheless, despite Kirby’s claim, it appears that the United States fails to be making the required effort to revive the nuclear deal and, worse than that, is obstructing the path to the signing of an agreement by refraining from accepting Iran’s legal demands. Based on the news released over the past days, the Americans have opposed Iran’s request of removing ambiguities from the EU proposed draft and achievement of an “unambiguous agreement”, as was, once again, stressed by Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian on Thursday.

In a phone conversation with his Chinese counterpart, Wang Yi, Amir-Abdollahian said the United States must refrain from the use of ambiguous language in the text so that the agreement could be reached within the shortest possible time

Rejecting unilateralism in the international arena, Wang voiced support for Iran’s reasonable demands within the course of nuclear negotiations, and stressed that Tehran is entitled to enjoy its legal rights.





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