News ID: 324275
Published: 0935 GMT September 23, 2022

Persian carpets tell life stories of Iranians through millennia

Persian carpets tell life stories of Iranians through millennia

Rugs and carpets are a language; they speak to us through their many warps and wefts, and for those who know how to listen, this is a magnificent story of love and endurance.

As soon as human beings settled down and started living outside caves, they must have started to think about creating something they could spread on the floor to sit on. This might have had many reasons such as getting more comfortable in a place, having it a bit cleaner than the other parts of the house, where they could easily eat or sleep. It might have also helped them a lot in keeping warmer at nights during the cold seasons, wrote.

No matter which one of these reasons is true, the result remains the same: Human beings started to think about what in their surroundings existed that could be used to create something, and that something has come such a long way to be what it is today – a carpet.


Persian carpets


Iran is a vast country with diverse climates and various customs and traditions practiced by over 80 million people. With the vastness and diversity come different, yet beautiful, traditions and lifestyles that are captivating enough to get any visitors’ attention and leave a significant mark on their minds.

Through this vast land, many cities are well known for their art of carpet weaving. One of the fascinating facts is that, although one may look and find these carpets somewhat similar, as they use certain materials such as wool and silk and dyes, be it their texture or their styles, if you take a closer look, you realize that each city has its own story to tell and is indeed very much different from the others.

Persian carpets are recognized by their high number of knots per square and their diverse textures that create different types of carpet. They are known for their varied designs, such as the vase, the garden, the mosque, or the symmetrical design. Last but not least, they are known for the stories they tell, the life and adventures of Iranians through millennia.




Turkaman carpets


Introducing this vast spectrum, we can start right from the top and talk about Turakman carpets. With their colors and special patterns and rug styles, they are easily recognizable. The unique red of Turkaman rugs creates a memory association in the eyes of anyone who is a bit familiar with carpets. These woolen carpets have always been a part of Iranian homes, but nowadays there is a trend of going back to them when designing a home.


Tabriz carpets


One of the most famous Persian carpets throughout the whole world comes from the city of Tabriz in the northwestern part of Iran. These luxurious, elegant, mainly silk carpets are known for their detailed, delicate Persian patterns and styles. These carpets are mostly so thin that they can also be used like paintings, hung on the walls.

In Tabriz carpets we see more realistic and diverse styles such as people’s faces on the carpet. The silk used in the fabrics allows more detail and precise designs, making them so luxurious and elegant as to be presented as a gift.


Ardebil carpets


As we move from the city of Tabriz and its suburbs towards the center of Iran, the art of carpet weaving continues just as strongly, but the textures and materials used begin to differ.

The beautiful city of Ardebil, the capital of Ardebil Province, with its mountains and plains, is a good ground for breeding cattle.

Although there are carpets made solely out of wool, in most cities now, wool and silk are used together. However, the extent of using one yarn or the other might differ from one place to another.

The city of Ardebil is known for many things, among which are the most famous Persian carpets in history, some of which are kept in art museums, such as the one in Vienna.


Qom and Kashan carpets


Located almost in the center of Iran, the cities of Qom and Kashan are famous for their unique carpets throughout the world. The main material used in these cities to weave carpets is wool, yet the final result is so delicately done that they can be easily mistaken for purely silk carpets.

Another characteristic that sets these carpets apart is their pattern and style. The unique shapes, round and square, of these carpets include so many symmetrical, garden and vase designs that can meet every taste and fit into every home.

In the city of Kashan, in the central province of Isfahan, carpet weaving has a tradition of going through generations and being performed mainly by women, which has become a tourist attraction alongside the carpets themselves.


Isfahan and Naein carpets


Further into the heart of Iran lies the ancient, historical city of Isfahan with its many monuments and old palaces. Throughout history, this city has always been one of the most important cities of Iran and has been home to many artists and showcased their art, and carpet weaving is one of them.

Mostly made of wool, the designs of Isfahan carpets have given it much attention. The beautiful tile designs of Isfahan’s magnificent mosques have found their way into artistic carpet patterns and have been decorating the homes of Iranians and non-Iranians for a long time.

Naein is a small city near Isfahan and is famous for its carpets, as they are made with so much delicacy and technique. Like Isfahan carpets, they are mostly made out of wool, and the two cities share many designs including the famous vase design.


Kerman carpets


Located in southeastern Iran, the city of Kerman borders the great Iranian deserts but is home to so many beautiful flower gardens and mountaintops covered in flowers. This diverse capability of the city of Kerman has influenced and shaped the traditions and customs of this city.

One who lives close to the desert knows the art of endurance, and endurance is one of the first qualities carpet experts give to Kerman carpets. Their beautiful mountain tops covered in flowers and their renowned gardens can be observed in their designs.


Tribal rugs


Very sought-after tribal rugs of Iran have been famous among Iranians for their high quality and, of course, the stories they tell in their patterns.

Among the tribes, carpet weaving is mainly the task of women, who use wool to weave their dreams and visions, which is a quality that sets these carpets apart.


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